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Emergency and Overdose Drug Testing

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Also known as: Drug Testing; Drug Screen; Poison Testing; Toxicology Assays
Formal name: Emergency and Overdose Drug Testing

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Acetaminophen and children: Why dose matters. Mayo Clinic. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/acetaminophen/HO00002 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Last updated June 18, 2011. Accessed October 2, 2013.

Matthew D. Krasowski, MD, PhD. Toxic Alcohols: Practical Challenges in Laboratory Diagnosis of Ingestions. Clinical Laboratory News. Available online at http://www.aacc.org/publications/cln/2012/February/Pages/ToxicAlcohols.aspx through http://www.aacc.org. Published February 2012. Accessed October 7, 2013.

Phenobarbital. MedlinePlus. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a682007.html through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Last updated May 15, 2013. Accessed October 7, 2013.

Phenytoin. MedlinePlus. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a682022.html through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Last updated May 1, 2009. Accessed October 7, 2013.

Theophylline. MedlinePlus. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a681006.html through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Last updated December 21, 2011. Accessed October 7, 2013.

Valproic Acid. MedlinePlus. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/meds/a682412.html through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Last updated September 15, 2013. Accessed October 7, 2013.

Drug Overdose. National Coalition Against Prescription Drug Abuse. Available online at http://ncapda.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=79:drug-overdose&catid=33:students&Itemid=7 through http://ncapda.org. Copyright 2013. Accessed October 7, 2013.

Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. Burtis CA, Ashwood ER, Bruns DE, eds. 4th edition, St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders; 2006, Pp 1288-1314, 1317-1348.

Kasper DL, Braunwald E, Fauci AS, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Jameson JL eds (2005). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 16th Edition, McGraw Hill, Pp 1840-1841.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 361-364, 684-685.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (© 2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 469-475.

Wu, A. (© 2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, 4th Edition: Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO. Pp 1238-1239, 1266-1273, 1284-1285, 1334-1355, 1344-1345, 1388, 1398-1401, 1428, 1436, 1456-1457, 1490-1491, and 1506-1507.

Olson, K., Editor (© 2004). Poisoning & Drug Overdose 4th Edition: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., U.S.A. Pp 66-69, 90-93, 148-150, 155-157, 190-193, 194-198, 207-209, 243-246, 283-286, 331-333, 354-356, 362-364, 486-487.

Wu, A. and McKay, C., Editors (© 2003). Recommendations For The Use Of Laboratory Tests To Support Poisoned Patients Who Present To The Emergency Department. The National Academy of Clinical Biochemistry Laboratory Medicine Practice Guidelines [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.aacc.org.

Anthony S. Manoguerra, A. et. al. (© 2006). Valproic Acid Poisoning: an Evidence-Based Consensus Guideline for Out-of-Hospital Management. American Association of Poison Control Centers [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.aapcc.org/archive/FinalizedPMGdlns/Valproic%20Acid%20Poisoning%20Final.pdf through http://www.aapcc.org.

Woolf, A. et. al. (2006 July 20). Tricyclic antidepressant poisoning: an evidence-based consensus guideline for out-of-hospital management. Clinical Toxicology (2007) 45, 203-233. [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.aapcc.org/archive/FinalizedPMGdlns/TCA%20guideline%20for%20AAPCC.pdf through http://www.aapcc.org.

Chyka, P. et. al. (2006 June 6). Salicylate poisoning: An evidence-based consensus guideline for out-of-hospital management. Clinical Toxicology 45:2, 95-131. [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.aapcc.org/archive/FinalizedPMGdlns/Salicylate%20guideline%20for%20AAPCC%202006-5-23.pdf through http://www.aapcc.org.

Caravati, E. et. al. (19 April 2006). Long-acting anticoagulant rodenticide poisoning: An evidence-based consensus guideline for out-of-hospital management. Clinical Toxicology 45:1, 1-22. [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.aapcc.org/archive/FinalizedPMGdlns/LAAR%20guideline%202006-4-19%20for%20Clin%20Toxicol.pdf through http://www.aapcc.org.

Dart, R. et. al. (© 2006). Acetaminophen Poisoning: an Evidence-Based Consensus. Guideline for Out-of-Hospital Management. Clinical Toxicology 44:1-18, 2006 [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.aapcc.org/archive/FinalizedPMGdlns/APAP%20-%20final%20guideline%209.9.05.pdf through http://www.aapcc.org.

Caravati, E. et. al. (© 2005). Ethylene Glycol Exposure: an Evidence-Based Consensus. Guideline for Out-of-Hospital Management. Clinical Toxicology 43:327-345, 2005 [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.aapcc.org/archive/FinalizedPMGdlns/ethylene%20glycol%20guideline.pdf through http://www.aapcc.org.