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Erythropoietin

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Also known as: EPO
Formal name: Erythropoietin

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2011 August 14). Erythropoietin test. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003683.htm. Accessed April 2012.

(© 1995-2012). Test ID: EPO Erythropoietin (EPO), Serum. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/80173 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed April 2012.

Moore, E. and Bellomo, R. (2011 March 21). Erythropoietin (EPO) in acute kidney injury. Annals of Intensive Care 2011, 1:3 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.annalsofintensivecare.com/content/1/1/3 through http://www.annalsofintensivecare.com. Accessed April 2012.

(Updated 2011 November 14) Kidney Failure: What to Expect. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/expect/ through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed April 2012.

(Updated 2010 September 9). Anemia in Kidney Disease and Dialysis. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/anemia/ through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed April 2012.

Lerma, E. and Stein, R. (Updated 2012 March 28). Anemia of Chronic Disease and Renal Failure. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1389854-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed April 2012.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby’s Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 414-415.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Walling, A. (2004 April 1). Erythropoietin Improves Anemia but Not Cancer Control. American Family Physician [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20040401/tips/13.html through http://www.aafp.org.

(©2005). Erythropoietin. ARUP's Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.aruplab.com/guides/clt/tests/clt_a241.jsp#1147927 through http://www.aruplab.com.

Hart, J. (2004 January 16). Erythropoietin. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003683.htm.

Eckardt, K. (2001). After 15 years of success—perspectives of erythropoietin therapy. Nephrol Dial Transplant (2001) 16: 1745-1749 [On-line journal]. Available online at http://ndt.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/16/9/1745 through http://ndt.oxfordjournals.org.

Bahlmann, F. et. al. (2004). Erythropoietin: is it more than correcting anaemia? Nephrol Dial Transplant (2004) 19: 20-22 [On-line journal]. Available online at http://ndt.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/19/1/20 through http://ndt.oxfordjournals.org.

Denker, B. (2004 March). Erythropoietin: From Bench to Bedside. Nephrology Rounds 2(3) [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.cardiologyrounds.org/crus/nephUS_0304.pdf#search='erythropoietin' through http://www.cardiologyrounds.org.

Youngerman-Cole, S. (2004 November 17). Erythropoietin. Kaiser Permanente [On-line information]. Available online through http://prospectivemembers.kaiserpermanente.org.

Abramson, S. and Abramson, N. (1999 February 15). 'Common' Uncommon Anemias. American Family Physician [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/990215ap/851.html through http://www.aafp.org.

(2005 March). IAAF EPO Testing Protocol. International Association of Athletics Federations [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.iaaf.biz/newsfiles/28888.pdf#search='erythropoietin,%20testing' through http://www.iaaf.biz.

Snively, C. and Gutierrez, C. (2004 November 15). Chronic Kidney Disease: Prevention and Treatment of Common Complications. American Family Physician [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20041115/1921.html through http://www.aafp.org.

Goodnough, L.T. (2004). Blood Doping: From Iron to Gold? American Society of Hematology, ASH Online [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.hematology.org/meeting/2004/newsdaily/issue_3/Blood_Doping.cfm through http://www.hematology.org.

U.S. Food and Drug Administration News. FDA Strengthens Safety Information on Erythropoietin-Stimulating Agents (ESAs). (Online information, accessed March 2007). Available online at http://www.fda.gov/bbs/topics/NEWS/2007/NEW01582.html through http://www.fda.gov.

Healthday, MedlinePlus. FDA Tightens Warnings on Anemia Drugs. March 9, 2007. (Online information, accessed April 2007). Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_46388.html.

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 406-407.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition.  Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 364-365.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition]. Pp 672.

Grund, S. (2007 August 27, Updated). Erythropoietin test. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003683.htm. Accessed on 11/22/08.

Artunc, F. and Risler, T. (2007 November 6). Serum Erythropoietin Concentrations and Responses to Anaemia in Patients With or Without Chronic Kidney Disease. Medscape from Nephrol Dial Transplant. 2007;22(10): 2900-2908 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/564922 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed on 11/22/08.

(2008 October). Anemia in Kidney Disease and Dialysis. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/anemia/ through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed on 11/22/08.

(2007 August). Your Kidneys and How They Work. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/yourkidneys/ through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed on 11/22/08.