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Fructosamine

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Also known as: Glycated Serum Protein; GSP
Formal name: Fructosamine

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Kotus, J. and Mayrin, J. (Updated 2014 January 13). Fructosamine. Medscape Drugs & Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2089070-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed February 2015.

Chiang, J. et. al. (2014). Type 1 Diabetes Through the Life Span: A Position Statement of the American Diabetes Association. Medscape Multispecialty from Diabetes Care. v 37 (7):2034-2054. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/827766 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed February 2015.

Melville, N. (2014 January 17). Add Glycated Proteins to HbA1c for Diabetes Risk Prediction? Medscape Multispecialty [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/819364 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed February 2015.

(© 1995–2015). Fructosamine, Serum. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/81610 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed February 2015.

Cohen, R. and Sacks, D. (2012 October 31). Comparing Multiple Measures of Glycemia: How to Transition from Biomarker to Diagnostic Test? Clinical Chemistry v 58 (12) 1615–1617 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.clinchem.org/content/58/12/1615.full.pdf+html?sid=1318d1cd-e30b-40d4-953a-f7b014048097 through http://www.clinchem.org. Accessed February 2015.

Juraschek, S. et. al. (2012 December). Associations of Alternative Markers of Glycemia with Hemoglobin A1c and Fasting Glucose. Clinical Chemistry v 58 (12) 1648–1655 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.clinchem.org/content/58/12/1648.full.pdf+html?sid=1318d1cd-e30b-40d4-953a-f7b014048097 through http://www.clinchem.org. Accessed February 2015.

Kishore, P. (Reviewed 2014 June). Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Merck Manual Professional Edition [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.merckmanuals.com. Accessed February 2015.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 503-505.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pg 296.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pg 418.

(2005 June, Updated). Glucose Meters & Diabetes Management. FDA Diabetes Information [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.fda.gov. Accessed on 1/30/08.

Kendall, D. (2005 October 28). Postprandial Blood Glucose in the Management of Type 2 Diabetes: The Emerging Role of Incretin Mimetics. Medscape Diabetes & Endocrinology [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed on 1/30/08.

Smiley, D. et. al. (2008 January 23). Therapy Insight: Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders in Sickle-cell Disease. Medscape CME [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed on 1/30/08.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

ADA (2002). Tests of Glycemia in Diabetes. DiabetesCare 25:S97-S99 [On-line journal]. Journal available online through http://care.diabetesjournals.org.

Ko, GT et. Al (1998). Combined use of a fasting plasma glucose concentration and HbA1c or fructosamine predicts the likelihood of having diabetes in high-risk subjects. DiabetesCare [Abstract]. Journal available online through http://care.diabetesjournals.org.

Edelman, S. et. Al. (2001 Nov-Dec). Home testing of fructosamine improves glycemic control in patients with diabetes. PubMed from Endocr Pract 7(6): 454-8 [Abstract]. Available online through http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.

Mik, C. (2002 Fall). Fructosamine vs HbA1c: Which Test is Right for Your Patients? DiabetesSource [On-line newsletter]. PDF available for download at http://www.paddocklabs.com.

(2003 Feb 20, Modified). National Coverage Determinations (NCDs) Glycated Hemoglobin/Glycated Protein. CMS [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.cms.hhs.gov.

Fructosamine. ARUP Guide to Clinical Testing [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.aruplab.com.

(2003). Home Blood Sugar Monitoring, Home Fructosamine Tests and Hemoglobin A1c Testing. Joslin Diabetes Center [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.joslin.harvard.edu.

Glycosylated Serum Proteins. FDA, Glucose Meters & Diabetes Management [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.fda.gov.

Armbruster, D. (1987). Fructosamine: structure, analysis, and clinical usefulness. Clinical Chemistry Vol 33, 2153-2163 [Abstract]. Available online through http://www.clinchem.org.

(2000). Newly Diagnosed. Children's Diabetes Foundation of the North Bay [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.cdfnb.org.

Diabetes Facts. Central Ohio Diabetes Association [On-line information]. Available online through http://diabetesohio.org.

Juretic, D. et.al. (2002). 16. Pre-Analytical, Analytical And Post-Analytical Factors Influencing Specific Tests For Diagnosis And Monitoring Of Dm-National network in quality assessment. eJIFCC vol 13 no5 [On-line journal]. Available online through http://www.ifcc.org/ejifcc.

Lusky, K. (2010 January). Fructosamine Testing. CAP Today [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.cap.org. Accessed July 2011.

Grenache, D. et. al. (Updated 2011 April). Diabetes Mellitus. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/DiabetesMellitus.html?client_ID=LTD#tabs=0 through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed July 2011.

(© 1995–2011). Unit Code 81610: Fructosamine, Serum. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/81610 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed July 2011.

Khardori, R. (Updated 2011 June 30). Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/117739-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2011.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 508-510.

William E. Winter, MD, FACB. Lab Tests Online adjunct board member.