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Glucose Tests

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Also known as: Blood Sugar; Fasting Blood Sugar; FBS; Fasting Blood Glucose; FBG; Fasting Plasma Glucose; FPG; Blood Glucose; Oral Glucose Tolerance Test; OGTT; GTT; Urine Glucose
Formal name: Blood Glucose; Urine Glucose

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

(2014 September 22). Diagnosing Diabetes and Learning About Prediabetes. American Diabetes Association [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/diagnosis/?loc=db-slabnav through http://www.diabetes.org. Accessed October 2014.

(2014 January). Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes 2014. Diabetes Care Volume 37, Supplement 1 [On-line information]. Available online at http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/37/Supplement_1/S14.full.pdf+html through http://care.diabetesjournals.org. Accessed September 2014.

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2012 June 2). Glucose test – blood. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003482.htm through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed October 2014.

(© 1995–2014). Glucose, Random, Serum. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/89115 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed October 2014.

Lin, J. and Yap, S. (Updated 2014 March 18). Glucose Tolerance Testing. Medscape Drugs & Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2049402-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed October 2014.

Patolia, S. (Updated 2013 May 20). Glucose. Medscape Drugs & Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2087913-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed October 2014.

Rennert, N. (Updated 2012 December 11). Home blood sugar testing. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/patientinstructions/000324.htm through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed October 2014.

Kishore, P. (Reviewed 2014 June). Diabetes Mellitus (DM). The Merck Manual Professional Edition [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.merckmanuals.com. Accessed October 2014.

Screening for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. Annals of Internal Medicine,18 March 2014, Vol 160, No. 6. Available online at http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=1813285&resultClick=24#SummaryofRecommendationsandEvidence through http://annals.org. Accessed November 2014.

(October 2014) U.S. Preventive Services Task Force Draft Recommendation Statement. Abnormal Glucose and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Adults: Screening. Available online at http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Document/RecommendationStatementDraft/screening-for-abnormal-glucose-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus through http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org. Accessed November 2014.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation. Continuous Glucose Monitors (Online information) Available online through http://www.jdrf.org. Accessed March 2008.

Johns Hopkins Health Alert. Using a Continuous Glucose Monitor (Online information). Available online through http://www.johnshopkinshealthalerts.com. Accessed March 2008.

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, Diagnosis of Diabetes (Online information). PDF available for download at http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed March 2008.

Recommendations of the Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Care, Vol 20(7), Pp 1183-97 (1997).

David E. Goldstein, Hsiao-Mei Wiedmeyer, Randie R. Little, Victor Vargas, Satish S Nair, John Reid. Relationship Between Glycohemoglobin (GHB) and Mean Blood Glucose (MBG) in the Diabetes Control and Complications Tiral (DCCT). Diabetes 46 (Sup 1), 8A (1997).

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby’s Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Snow, K. (2001 June 6, Updated). Hypoglycemia. EMedicine.com [On-line Journal]. Available online through http://www.emedicine.com.

Feit, S. (2001 August 30). Drug-induced hypoglycemia. MEDLINEplus Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000310.htm.

Bernal-Mizrachi, C., Updated (2001 June 6, Updated). Glucose Test. MEDLINEplus Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003482.htm.

Spengler, R. (2001 September 18, Updated). Blood Glucose. WebMD Health [On-line information]. Available online through http://my.webmd.com.

MERCK. Hypoglycemia. The Merck Manual of Medical Information – Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.merck.com.

National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, NIDDK and NIH. Diagnosis of Diabetes. Available online through http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov.

Agha, I., Updated (2004 January 26, Updated). Glucose-urine. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003581.htm.

(2002 May 01, Updated). Other Diabetes Management Tests, Urine Glucose. Diabetes Information, U.S Food and Drug Administration [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.fda.gov.

(1995-2004). Diabetes Mellitus. The Merck Manual of Medical Information-Second Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.merck.com.

ADA Clinical Practice Recommendations. Diabetes Care 28:S37-S42, 2005. Available online at http://care.diabetesjournals.org.

Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. Burtis CA, Ashwood ER and Bruns DE, eds. 4th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier Saunders; 2006, Pp 860-862.

(Revised 2011 February). Know your Blood Sugar Numbers. National Diabetes Education Program [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://ndep.nih.gov/media/knownumbers_eng.pdf through http://ndep.nih.gov. Accessed May 2011.

Olatunbosun, S. (Updated 2011 April 19). Glucose Intolerance. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/119020-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed May 2011.

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2010 May 23). Glucose test – blood. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003482.htm. Accessed May 2011.

Eckman, A. (Updated 2010 April 19). Blood glucose monitoring. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003438.htm. Accessed May 2011.

Eckman, A. (Updated 2010 April 11). Managing your blood sugar. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/patientinstructions/000086.htm. Accessed May 2011.

Khardori, R. (Updated 2011 May 19). Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/117853-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed May 2011.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 497–499.

(Octobert 2008) National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Glucose Monitoring. Available online at http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/glucosemonitor/index.htm through http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed September 2011. 

American Diabetes Association. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes—2011. Diabetes Care January 2011 34:S11-S61. Available online at http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/34/Supplement_1/S11.full through http://care.diabetesjournals.org. Accessed September 2011.

Metzger BE, et al. International association of diabetes and pregnancy study groups recommendations on the diagnosis and classification of hyperglycemia in pregnancy. Diabetes Care 2010; 33: 676-82.