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Gonorrhea Testing

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Also known as: GC Test
Formal name: Neisseria gonorrhoeae Culture; Neisseria gonorrhoeae Gram Stain; Neisseria gonorrhoeae DNA Probe; Neisseria gonorrhoeae by Amplified Detection
Related tests: Chlamydia Testing

At a Glance

Why Get Tested?

To screen for or diagnose a gonorrhea infection

When to Get Tested?

For screening: may be recommended if you are sexually active, pregnant or considering pregnancy, or at increased risk for this sexually transmitted disease (STD)
For diagnosis: when you have symptoms of this STD, such as pain during urination or bowel movements, anal discharge, itching, soreness, or bleeding, increased vaginal discharge or vaginal bleeding between menstrual periods (in females), or penile discharge or painful, swollen testicles (in males); when a newborn has conjunctivitis

Sample Required?

A swab of secretion or discharge from the infected area or a first-catch urine sample

Test Preparation Needed?

Tell your health care provider about use of antibiotics or, for women, douches or vaginal creams within 24 hours before testing vaginal samples, as they may affect test results. For a urine sample, you may be instructed to wait one to two hours after you last urinated before collecting a urine sample. Follow the instructions you are given.