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Gonorrhea Testing

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Also known as: GC Test; Gonorrhea NAAT or NAT
Formal name: Neisseria gonorrhoeae by Nucleic Acid Amplification Test (NAAT); Neisseria gonorrhoeae Culture; Neisseria gonorrhoeae Gram Stain; Neisseria gonorrhoeae DNA Probe

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

Wong, B. (2015 June 26 Updated). Gonorrhea. Medscape Drugs and Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/218059-overview. Accessed March 2016.

(2015 November 17 Updated).Gonorrhea - CDC Fact Sheet (Detailed Version). CDC. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/stdfact-gonorrhea-detailed.htm?s_cid=cs_074. Accessed March 2016.

(2014 September). Final Recommendation Statement, Gonorrhea and Chlamydia: Screening, September 2014. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Document/RecommendationStatementFinal/chlamydia-and-gonorrhea-screening#consider. Accessed March 2016.

Storck, S. (2013 April 25 Updated). Gonorrhea. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007267.htm. Accessed March 2016.

(2014 March 14). Recommendations for the Laboratory-Based Detection of Chlamydia trachomatis And Neisseria gonorrhoeae – 2014. CDC MMWR v 63 (2) [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/std/laboratory/2014labrec/2014-lab-rec.pdf. Accessed March 2016.

Workowski, K. and Bolan, G. (2015 June 5). Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2015. CDC MMWR 64(RR3);1-137 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr6403a1.htm. Accessed March 2016.

Couturier, M. et. al. (2015 September Updated). Sexually Transmitted Infections. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/STIs.html?client_ID=LTD. Accessed March 2016.

(2015 May 1). AAP Releases Policy Statement on Screening for Nonviral Sexually Transmitted Infections in Adolescents and Young Adults. Am Fam Physician. 2015 May 1;91(9):652-654. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p652.html Accessed March 2016.

(March 28, 2016) STDs during Pregnancy - CDC Fact Sheet. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/std/pregnancy/stdfact-pregnancy.htm Accessed March 2016.

Marrazzo J, et al. Impact of Patient Characteristics on Performance of Nucleic Acid Amplification Tests and DNA Probe for Detection of Chlamydia trachomatis in Women with Genital Infections. J Clin Microbiol. 2005 Feb; 43(2): 577–584. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC548082/. Accessed June 2016.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases website information. Available online at http://www.niaid.nih.gov/factsheets/stdgon.htm.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website information. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/std/Gonorrhea/STDFact-gonorrhea.htm.

Arnot Ogden Medical Center website information. Available online at http://www.aomc.org/Gonorrhea.html.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually transitted diseases treatment guidelines 2002. MMWR 2002;51 (No. RR-6) [32-41].

(July 7, 2009) Schwartz R, Kapila R. eMedicine: Gonococcemia. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1055007-overview. Accessed July 2009.

ARUP Consult. Sexually Transmitted Infections. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/InfectiousDz/Bacteria/STIs.html#. Accessed May 2009.

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Gonorrhea. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007267.htm. Accessed July 2009.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 1560-1561.

American Social Health Association: Gonorrhea, Fast Facts. Available online at http://www.ashastd.org/learn/learn_gonorrhea_fact.cfm. Accessed May 2009.

Planned Parenthood: Gonorrhea. Available online at http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/stds-hiv-safer-sex/gonorrhea-4269.htm. Accessed May 2009.

Quest Diagnostics Patient Health Library: Gonorrhea Test. Available online at http://www.mylabisquest.com/kbase/topic/medtest/hw4905/descrip.htm. Accessed May 22 2009.

Kimberly A. Workowski and Stuart Berman. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Guidelines, 2010. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. PDF available for download at http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment/2010/STD-Treatment-2010-RR5912.pdf. Published December 27, 2010. Accessed July 2, 2012.

United States Preventive Service Task Force. USPSTF Recommendations for STI Screening. Available online at http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/uspstf08/methods/stinfections.htm. Last updated March 2008. Accessed July 2, 2012.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chlamydia and Gonorrhea — Two Most Commonly Reported Infectious Diseases in the United States. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/Features/dsSTDData/. Last updated April 22, 2011. Accessed July 2, 2012.

American Social Health Association. Gonorrhea. Available online at http://www.ashastd.org/std-sti/gonorrhea.html. Copyright 2012. Accessed July , 2012.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Public Health Grand Rounds: The Growing Threat of Multidrug-Resistant Gonorrhea. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/about/grand-rounds/archives/2012/May2012.htm. Presented May 15, 2012. Accessed July 6, 2012.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2010 Treatment Guidelines, Special Populations. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment/2010/specialpops.htm#msm. Accessed September 2012. 

(January 13, 2009) Association for Public Health Laboratories. Expert Consultation Meeting Summary Report, Laboratory Diagnostic Testing for Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae. PDF available for download at http://www.aphl.org/aphlprograms/infectious/std/Documents/CTGCLabGuidelinesMeetingReport.pdf. Accessed Sept 2012.