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Herpes Testing

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Also known as: Herpes Culture; Herpes Simplex Viral Culture; HSV DNA; HSV by PCR; HSV-1 or HSV-2 IgM or IgG; HSV-1; HSV-2; HHV1; HHV2
Formal name: Herpes Simplex Virus, Type 1 and Type 2
Related tests: TORCH; CSF Analysis

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

Salvaggio, M. et. al. (2015 September 18 Updated). Herpes Simplex. Medscape Drugs and Diseases. [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/218580-overview. Accessed October 2016.

(2015 June 4 Updated). 2015 Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, Genital HSV Infections. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/std/tg2015/herpes.htm. Accessed October 2016.

Ural, S. (2015 April 16 Updated). Genital Herpes in Pregnancy. Medscape Drugs and Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/274874-overview. Accessed October 2016.

Devkota, B. (2014 January 16 Updated). Herpes Simplex Viral Culture. Medscape Drugs and Diseases. [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2111114-overview. Accessed October 2016.

Sacks, D. (2015 September 26 Updated). Genital herpes. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000857.htm. Accessed October 2016.

Sharma, R. (2015 October 27 Updated). Herpes Simplex in Emergency Medicine. Medscape Drugs and Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/783113-overview. Accessed October 2016.

Couturier, M. et. al. (2016 April Updated). Herpes Simplex Virus – HSV. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at https://arupconsult.com/content/herpes-simplex-virus. Accessed October 2016.

(September 24, 2015) Genital Herpes—CDC Fact Sheet. Available online at https://www.cdc.gov/std/herpes/stdfact-herpes-detailed.htm Accessed October 2016.

(7/11/2016) American Cancer Society. Viruses that can lead to cancer. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancercauses/othercarcinogens/infectiousagents/infectiousagentsandcancer/infectious-agents-and-cancer-viruses. Accessed October 2016.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

(2004 May 24, Updated). Genital Herpes. CDC, STD Facts & Information, National Center for HIV, STD and TB Prevention, Division of Sexually Transmitted Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/std/Herpes/STDFact-Herpes.htm.

Wener, K. (2004 February 3, Updated). Herpes genital (genital Herpes simplex). MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000857.htm.

(2004 May, Updated). Herpes: What It Is and How to Deal With It. AAFP familydoctor.org [On-line information]. Available online at http://familydoctor.org/x5050.xml.

(2003 November 21, Updated). Genital Herpes. NIAID Fact Sheet [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.niaid.nih.gov/factsheets/stdherp.htm.

(2004). Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV). ARUP's Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arup-lab.com/guides/clt/tests/clt_a281.jsp#1151353.

(2003 August 07). Mayo Clinic Staff. Genital herpes. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/invoke.cfm?id=DS00179.

(2000 May 17). Herpes Simplex Virus DNA UltraRapid 24 hr turn around. Specialty Laboratories [On-line test information]. PDF available for download at http://www.specialtylabs.com/education/download_PDF/tn_1106.pdf.

(2004). Sevall, J. and Blum, R. Herpes Simplex Viruses. Specialty Laboratories, Use and Interpretation of Laboratory Tests Books [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.specialtylabs.com/books/display.asp?id=367.

(2001). Herpes: Get the Facts. ASHA National Herpes Resource Center [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.ashastd.org/hrc/educate.html.

(2004 May 24). Herpes More Prevalent Than Thought. MedlinePlus by UPI [On-line News]. Available online (until June 23 2004) at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_17929.html.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 1568-1569.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Genital Herpes - CDC Fact Sheet. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/std/Herpes/STDFact-Herpes.htm. Accessed July 2009.

Hunt, Richard. Virology: Herpes Viruses (Chapter 11). Microbiology and Immunology On-line. University of South Carolina School of Medicine. Available online at http://pathmicro.med.sc.edu/virol/herpes.htm. Accessed July 2009.

Lifestyle from Yahoo Canada. Herpes virus - 8 types. Available online at http://health.lifestyle.yahoo.ca/channel_section_details.asp?text_id=1364&channel_id=1028&relation_id=22614. Accessed July 2009.

Deborah Fornstrom, M.T. (ASCP). The Children's Hospital, Aurora, CO.

Kristi Lookner, M.T. (ASCP). The Children's Hospital, Aurora, CO.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Genital Herpes - CDC Fact Sheet. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/std/Herpes/STDFact-herpes-detailed.htm. Page last reviewed September 6, 2012. Accessed January 2013.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Disease Treatment Guidelines: Diseases Characterized by Genital, Anal, or Perianal Ulcers. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment/2010/genital-ulcers.htm#hsv. Page last reviewed January 28, 2011. Accessed January 2013.

American Sexual Health Association. Fast Facts. Available online at http://www.ashastd.org/std-sti/Herpes/learn-about-herpes.html. Copyright 2012. Accessed January 2013.

Boston Children's Hospital. Neonatal Herpes Simplex. Available online at http://bostonchildrenshospital.org/az/Site3235/mainpageS3235P0.html. Copyright 2005-2011. Accessed January 2013.

WebMD. Genital Herpes Health Center: Herpes Test. Available online at http://www.webmd.com/genital-herpes/herpes-tests. Last updated December 21, 2010. Accessed January 2013.