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Insulin

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Also known as: Fasting Insulin
Formal name: Insulin, serum
Related tests: C-peptide, Glucose Tests

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Lin, J. (Updated 2012 February 21). Insulin. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2089224-overview#showall through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed December 2013.

Olatunbosun, S. and Dagogo-Jack, S. (Updated 2013 March 8). Insulin Resistance. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/122501-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed December 2013.

(© 1995–2013). Insulin, Serum. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/8664 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed December 2013.

(© 1995-2013). Blood Test: Insulin. KidsHealth from Nemours [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/parent/system/medical/test_insulin.html through http://kidshealth.org. Accessed December 2013.

(Reviewed 2013 June 7). Insulin Basics. American Diabetes Association [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/treatment-and-care/medication/insulin/insulin-basics.html through http://www.diabetes.org. Accessed December 2013.

Delgado, J. et. al. (Updated 2013 January). Hyperinsulinemic Hypoglycemia. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/HyperinsulinemicHypoglycemia.html?client_ID=LTD#tabs=0 through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed December 2013.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 585-586.

Clarke, W., Editor (© 2011). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry 2nd Edition: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pg 345.

McPherson, R. and Pincus, M. (© 2011). Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods 22nd Edition: Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, PA. Pp 211-212.

Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. Burtis CA, Ashwood ER, Bruns DE, eds. 4th edition, St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders; 2006, Pp 850-851.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

MedlinePlus (2002 April 03, Updated). Insulin (Systemic). MedlinePlus Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/druginfo/uspdi/203298.html.

Hirsch, I. (1999 November 15). Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and the Use of Flexible Insulin Regimens. American Family Physician (AAFP) [On-line Journal]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/991115ap/2343.html through http://www.aafp.org.

ARUP. Insulin, Free and Total. ARUP's Guide to Clinical Laboratory Testing (CLT) [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arup-lab.com/guides/clt/tests/clt_a19b.htm#1837257 through http://www.arup-lab.com.

Sapin, R., et. al (2001). Elecsys Insulin Assay: Free Insulin Determination and the Absence of Cross-Reactivity with Insulin Lispro. Clinical Chemistry [On-line Journal] (47) 602-605.

CSU (1999 June 15, Updated). Physiologic Effects of Insulin. Colorado State University, Pathophysiology of the Endocrine System [On-line Biomedical Hypertextbook]. Available online through http://arbl.cvmbs.colostate.edu.

CSU (1999 June 15, Updated). Glucagon. Colorado State University, Pathophysiology of the Endocrine System [On-line Biomedical Hypertextbook]. Available online through http://arbl.cvmbs.colostate.edu.

Fish, S. Updated (2002 February 18, Updated). Insulin test. Medlineplus Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003700.htm.

CSU (1999 June 15, Updated). Insulin Synthesis and Secretion. Colorado State University, Pathophysiology of the Endocrine System [On-line Biomedical Hypertextbook]. Available online through http://arbl.cvmbs.colostate.edu.

Bruno Geloneze, Marcos A. Tambascia, José C. Pareja, Enrico M. Repetto and Luis A. Magna. The Insulin Tolerance Test in Morbidly Obese Patients Undergoing Bariatric Surgery. Obesity Research 9:763-769 (2001). Available online at http://www.obesityresearch.org/cgi/content/full/9/12/763 through http://www.obesityresearch.org.

Kolodziejczyk B, Duleba AJ, Spaczynski RZ, et al. Metformin Therapy Decreases Hyperandrogenism and Hyperinsulinemia in Women With Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Fertil Steril. 2000 Jun;73(6):1149-1154.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 567-568.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (© 2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 290-291.

Wu, A. (© 2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, 4th Edition: Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO. Pp 618-619, 622-623.

Dowshen, S. (Reviewed 2009 January). Blood Test: Insulin. The Nemours Foundation, KidsHealth for Parents [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/parent/system/medical/test_insulin.html through http://kidshealth.org. Accessed December 2009.

Dugdale, D. and Wexler, D. (Updated 2008 August 9). Insulinoma. MedlinePlus Medical Encylopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000387.htm. Accessed December 2009.

Hussain, A. N. and Vincent, M. (Updated 2009 July 2). Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/117739-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed December 2009.

Ligaray, K. and Isley, W. (Updated 2009 October 28). Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/117853-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed December 2009.

(2008 November). Diabetes Overview. National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/overview/index.htm through http://www.diabetes.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed December 2009.

(Updated 2009 August). Insulinoma. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/Insulinoma.html?client_ID=LTD# through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed December 2009.