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Kidney Stone Analysis

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Also known as: Urinary Stone Analysis; Renal Calculus Analysis
Formal name: Kidney Stone Analysis
Related tests: Urinalysis, Kidney Stone Risk Panel, Uric Acid, Calcium, Phosphorus, Creatinine, Oxalate, Citrate, Cystine

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

(2013 February). National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse. Kidney Stones in Adults. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/stonesadults/ through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed 03/21/15.

(2014) Preventing and Treating Kidney Stones. Urology Health. Available online at http://www.urologyhealth.org/_media/_pdf/StonesArticle.pdf through http://www.urologyhealth.org. Accessed 03/21/15.

De Biase, I. et. al. (2015 February, Updated). Nephrolithiasis - Kidney Stone. ARUP Consult Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/Nephrolithiasis.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed 03/21/15.

(© 1995–2015). Kidney Stone Analysis. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/8596 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed 03/21/15.

Preminger, G. (2014 July, Revised). Urinary Calculi. Merck Manual Professional Edition. Available online through http://www.merckmanuals.com. Accessed 03/21/15.

Pagana, K. D., Pagana, T. J., and Pagana, T. N. (© 2015). Mosby's Diagnostic & Laboratory Test Reference 12th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 966-967.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 1015-1016.

C. Türk et. al. (© 2011) Guidelines on Urolithiasis. European Association of Urology [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.uroweb.org/gls/pdf/18_Urolithiasis.pdf through http://www.uroweb.org. Accessed August 2011.

Liou, L. (2009 January 14). Kidney Stones. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000458.htm. Accessed August 2011.

Liou, L. (2009 August 30). Cystinuria. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000346.htm. Accessed August 2011.

Stein, J. (2011 May 27). Guidelines Followed for Assessment of Nephrolithiasis. Medscape News [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/743524 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed August 2011.

Wolf, J. S. (Updated 2011 June 16). Nephrolithiasis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/437096-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2011.

(Updated 2010 September 2). Kidney Stones in Adults. National Kidney & Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/stonesadults/ through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed August 2011.

(Updated 2010 September 2). Diet for Kidney Stone Prevention. National Kidney & Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/KUDiseases/pubs/kidneystonediet/index.aspx through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed August 2011.

(© 2011). Kidney Stones & Uretral Stones. AUAFoundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.urologyhealth.org/urology/index.cfm?article=147 through http://www.urologyhealth.org. Accessed August 2011.

(© 2011). Kidney Stones. National Kidney Foundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/kidneystones.cfm through http://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/kidneystones.cfm. Accessed August 2011.

Figge, H. (2011 July 13). Calcium Kidney Stones, Pathogenesis, Evaluation, and Treatment Options. Medscape Today from U.S. Pharmacist [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/745456 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed August 2011.

Fathallah-Shaykh, S. and Neiberger, R. (Updated 2011 August 3). Uric Acid Stones. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/983759-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2011.

Integrated Approach to Kidney Stone Analysis. Louis C. Herring and Company Kidney Stone Analysis Laboratory [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.herringlab.com/herinte1.html through http://www.herringlab.com. Accessed August 2011.

(© 1995-2011). Unit Code 8596: Kidney Stone Analysis. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/8596 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed August 2011.