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MRSA Screening

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Formal name: Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus Screening
Related tests: Wound Culture

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used for Current Review

Susan S. Huang, et al. Targeted versus Universal Decolonization to Prevent ICU Infection. NEJM 368;24. June 13, 2103.

MayoClinic.com. MRSA infection. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/mrsa/DS00735 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed July 2013.

KidsHealth.org. MRSA. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/bacterial_viral/mrsa.html through http://kidshealth.org. Accessed July 2013.

FamilyDoctor.org. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Available online at http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-mrsa.html through http://familydoctor.org. Accessed July 2013.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) Infections. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/mrsa/ through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed July 2013.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Harbarth, S. et. al. (2006 February 27). Evaluation of Rapid Screening and Pre-Emptive Contact Isolation for Detecting and Controlling Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus in Critical Care, An Interventional Cohort Study. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/523530 through http://www.medscape.com.

(2005 February 2). Laboratory Detection of: Oxacillin/Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dhqp/ar_lab_mrsa.html through http://www.cdc.gov.

(2005 February 3). Community-Associated MRSA Information for Clinicians. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dhqp/ar_mrsa_ca_clinicians.html through http://www.cdc.gov.

(2006 March 7). The Growing Menace of Community-Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Annals of Internal Medicine v144 (5).

Seybold, U. et. al. (2006 March 1). Emergence of Community-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus USA300 Genotype as a Major Cause of Health Care-Associated Blood Stream Infections. CID 2006:42 pp 647-654 [On-line journal].

Fridkin, S. (2005 April 7). Methicillin-Resistant Staphyloccus aureus Disease in Three Communities. N Engl J Med 352;14.

Case, M. (2006 March 15). Fast staph test limits spread, at a high price. Post-gazette.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.post-gazette.com/pg/pp/06074/670567.stm through http://www.post-gazette.com.

Peck, P. (2006 February 6). Fast MRSA Test Cuts Infection Rate in Medical ICU. Medpage Today [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medpagetoday.com/tbprint.cfm?tbid=2623 through http://www.medpagetoday.com.

Waknine, Y. (2006 March 31). Highlights from MMWR: Outbreaks of MRSA Infection in Newborns and More [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/528952 through http://www.medscape.com.

Kuehnert, M. et. al. (2005). Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Hospitalizations, United States. Medscape from Emerg Infect Dis 11 (6) [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/505669 through http://www.medscape.com.

Creech II, C. et. al. (2005 July). Increasing Rates of Nasal Carriage of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Health Children. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal v24 (7) 617-621.

Bradley, S. (2006 February 22). Staphylococcus aureus Pneumonia: Emergence of MRSA in the Community. Medscape from Semin Respir Crit Care Med [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/521338 through http://www.medscape.com.

(2006). "Search and Destroy" Strategy Can Reduce Nosocomial MRSA Prevalence. Medscape from Reuters Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/527548 through http://www.medscape.com.

(2006). New Test Diagnoses MRSA in One Day. Medscape from Reuters Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/523635 through http://www.medscape.com.

Goossens, H. (2006). Antibiotic Resistance: Highlights of the 16th European Congress on Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Medscape [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/530824 through http://www.medscape.com.

Bartlett, J. (2005). Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Clostridium difficile - Deal Bacterial Threats. Medscape [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/520186 through http://www.medscape.com.

(2006). Community-Acquired MRSA a Leading Cause of Skin and Soft-Tissue Infections. Medscape from Reuters Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/524998 through http://www.medscape.com.

David, M. et. al. (2006 April 21). Contrasting Pediatric and Adult Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Isolates. Medscape from Emerg Infect Dis 12(4): 631-637. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/529448 through http://www.medscape.com.

(Updated 2009 September 28). Recognize and Prevent MRSA Infections. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/Features/MRSAInfections/ through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2009.

(Updated 2009 June 18). FDA Clears First Quick Test For Drug-Resistant Staph Infections, Test Identifies MRSA Bacterium in Two Hours. U.S. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm161552.htm through http://www.fda.gov. Accessed March 2009.

Dugdale, D. et. al. (Updated 2009 May 30). MRSA. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007261.htm. Accessed March 2009.

(2010 January 21). Genetics Used to Track Transmission of MRSA Bacteria. MedlinePlus HealthDay [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_94379.html through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed March 2009.

(Updated 2009 July 22) MRSA and the Workplace. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/mrsa/ through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed March 2009.

Martinez, J. (Updated 2009 December 16). MRSA Skin Infection in Athletes. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/108972-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2009.