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Pericardial Fluid Analysis

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Formal name: Pericardial Fluid Analysis

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Strimel, W. and Ayub, B. (Updated 2012 May 31). Pericardial Effusion. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/157325-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed June 2012.

Shlamovitz, G. (2011 August 4). Pericardiocentesis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/80602-overview#showall through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed June 2012.

Mikati, I. (Updated 2010 June 1). Pericardiocentesis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003872.htm. Accessed June 2012.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2010 December 15). Pericardial effusion. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/pericardial-effusion/DS01124/METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed June 2012.

Hoit, B. (Modified 2011 June). Pericarditis. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.merckmanuals.com. Accessed June 2012.

(2010 August 1). How Is Pericarditis Diagnosed? National Heart Lung and Blood Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/peri/diagnosis.html through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed June 2012.

Levy, D. (2010 April 27). Pericardial fluid culture. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003720.htm. Accessed June 2012.

Levy, D. (2010 April 27). Pericardial fluid gram stain. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003719.htm. Accessed June 2012.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007).  Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 714-717.

Wu, A. (2006).  Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition.  Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 1535-1536.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary.  F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition]. Pp 1438-1439.

Forbes, B. et. al. (© 2007). Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology, Twelfth Edition: Mosby Elsevier Press, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 904 – 913.

Gandelman, G. (2006 November 6, Updated). Pericarditis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000182.htm. Accessed on 6/21/08.

Berger, J. (2006 March 30, Updated). Pericarditis, Bacterial. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.emedicine.com/ped/TOPIC1765.HTM through http://www.emedicine.com. Accessed on 6/29/08.

Gandelman, G. (2006 November 6, Updated). Pericardiocentesis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003872.htm. Accessed on 6/28/08.

(© 2008). American Heart Association. Pericardium and Pericarditis [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4683 through http://www.americanheart.org. Accessed on 6/28/08.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2007 May 2). Pericarditis. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available FTP online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/pericarditis/DS00505 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed on 6/28/08.

(2008 March). NHLBI. What is Pericarditis? [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/peri/peri_whatis.html through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed on 6/28/08.