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Pericardial Fluid Analysis

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Formal name: Pericardial Fluid Analysis

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

Chen, M. (Updated 2014 May 13). Pericardiocentesis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003872.htm. Accessed 9/8/2016.

Levy, D. (Updated 2014 November 11). Pericardial fluid gram stain. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003719.htm. Accessed 9/8/2016.

Vyas, J. M (Updated 2014 December 7). Pericardial fluid culture. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003720.htm. Accessed 9/8/2016.

Shlamovitz, G. (2015 April 17). Pericardiocentesis. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/80602-overview#showall. Accessed 9/8/2016.

Yau, S.W.Y. (2015 October 13). Pericardial fluid analysis. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2123066-overview. Accessed 9/8/2016.

Hoit, B. (Revised 2015 October). Acute pericarditis. Merck Manual Professional Version. Available online at http://www.merckmanuals.com. Accessed 9/8/2016.

Strimel, W. (Updated 2016 January 3). Pericardial effusion workup. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/157325-overview. Accessed 9/8/2016.

Chen, M. (Updated 2016 January 24). Pericarditis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online at https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000182.htm. Accessed 9/8/2016.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2016 June 17). Pericardial effusion. Mayo Clinic. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/pericardial-effusion/DS01124/METHOD=print. Accessed 9/8/2016.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007).  Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 714-717.

Wu, A. (2006).  Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 1535-1536.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition]. Pp 1438-1439.

Forbes, B. et. al. (© 2007). Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology, Twelfth Edition: Mosby Elsevier Press, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 904-913.

Gandelman, G. (2006 November 6, Updated). Pericarditis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000182.htm. Accessed on 6/21/08.

Berger, J. (2006 March 30, Updated). Pericarditis, Bacterial. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.emedicine.com/ped/TOPIC1765.HTM. Accessed on 6/29/08.

Gandelman, G. (2006 November 6, Updated). Pericardiocentesis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003872.htm. Accessed on 6/28/08.

(© 2008). American Heart Association. Pericardium and Pericarditis [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4683. Accessed on 6/28/08.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2007 May 2). Pericarditis. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available FTP online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/pericarditis/DS00505. Accessed on 6/28/08.

(2008 March). NHLBI. What is Pericarditis? [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/peri/peri_whatis.html. Accessed on 6/28/08.

Strimel, W. and Ayub, B. (Updated 2012 May 31). Pericardial Effusion. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/157325-overview. Accessed June 2012.

Shlamovitz, G. (2011 August 4). Pericardiocentesis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/80602-overview#showall. Accessed June 2012.

Mikati, I. (Updated 2010 June 1). Pericardiocentesis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003872.htm. Accessed June 2012.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2010 December 15). Pericardial effusion. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/pericardial-effusion/DS01124/METHOD=print. Accessed June 2012.

Hoit, B. (Modified 2011 June). Pericarditis. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.merckmanuals.com. Accessed June 2012.

(2010 August 1). How Is Pericarditis Diagnosed? National Heart Lung and Blood Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/peri/diagnosis.html. Accessed June 2012.

Levy, D. (2010 April 27). Pericardial fluid culture. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003720.htm. Accessed June 2012.

Levy, D. (2010 April 27). Pericardial fluid gram stain. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003719.htm. Accessed June 2012.