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Pleural Fluid Analysis

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Formal name: Pleural Fluid Analysis

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Rubins, J. and Mosenifar, Z. (Updated 2012 May 21). Pleural Effusion. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/299959-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed June 2012.

Blaivas, A. (2011 December 15). Pleural fluid analysis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003624.htm. Accessed June 2012.

Light, R. (Revised 2012 May). Pleural Effusion. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.merckmanuals.com. Accessed June 2012.

(2011 September 21). How Are Pleurisy and Other Pleural Disorders Diagnosed? National Heart Lung and Blood Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pleurisy/diagnosis.html through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed June 2012.

Crawford Mechem, C. (Updated 2011 July 8). Emergent Management of Pleural Effusion. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/807375-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed June 2012.

Rodriguez-Panadero, F. and Romero-Romero, B. (2011 August 31). Management of Malignant Pleural Effusions. Medscape News from Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2011;17(4):269-273 http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/745553 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed June 2012.

Dugdale, D. (2010 September 15). Thoracentesis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003420.htm. Accessed June 2012.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 904-909.

Wu, A. (2006).  Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition.  Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 868-869, 1535-1536.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition]. pp 1496.

Forbes, B. et. al. (© 2007). Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology, Twelfth Edition: Mosby Elsevier Press, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 904 – 913.

Schriber, A. (2007 November 12). Pleural fluid analysis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003624.htm. Accessed on 6/21/08.

Kaufman, D. (2006 August 7, Updated). Thoracentesis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003420.htm. Accessed on 6/21/08.

Kaufman, D. (2006 August 7, Updated). Pleural effusion. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000086.htm. Accessed on 6/21/08.

Kaufman, D. (2006 May 3, Updated). Pulmonary actinomycosis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000074.htm. Accessed on 6/21/08.

Garlipp, C. et. al. (2008 January 18). Pleural Effusions: Stability of Samples for White Blood Cell and Differential Counts. Medscape from Laboratory Medicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/568386 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed on 6/21/08.

Lababede, O. (2007 August 10). Effusion, Pleural. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.emedicine.com/radio/TOPIC233.HTM through http://www.emedicine.com. Accessed on 6/21/08.

(2007 August). What Are Pleurisy and Other Disorders of the Pleura?. NHLBI [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/pleurisy/pleurisy_whatare.html through http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov. Accessed on 6/28/08.

Knight JA, Kjeldsberg CR: Cerebrospinal, synovial, and serous body fluids. In Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Laboratory Management by Laboratory Methods, 21sted. MCpHerson RA & Pincus MR, eds.  Saunders:New York, pp 426-454, 2006.