1. What are the recommendations for rubella vaccination?
The rubella vaccine is contained in a combination vaccine called MMR, which stands for measles, mumps and rubella. Since all three of these are common viral illnesses, they are contained within one vaccine. Measles is also known as rubeola and is different from Rubella (German Measles). All children should receive two doses of MMR, the first dose at 12-15 months of age and the second dose at 4-6 years of age.
The vaccine contains a live virus that has been altered so it promotes an antibody response but does not cause a rubella infection. Some people may have a rash that lasts 2-3 weeks after vaccination and pain in their joints, especially their hands and wrists. Side effects are rarely seen in young children who get the vaccine. People who have suppressed immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS and those with cancer who are undergoing chemotherapy, should consult with their healthcare providers before getting a rubella vaccine.
4. How soon after exposure to the virus do symptoms appear?
Symptoms are not always noticeable, but if they do appear, the rash usually begins 12-23 days after coming in contact with an infectious person. A person is usually infectious about a week before the rash is visible and for 1-2 weeks afterwards. A newborn who was infected during pregnancy may remain infectious for several months.
This article was last reviewed on June 26, 2015. | This article was last modified on June 26, 2015.
The review date indicates when the article was last reviewed from beginning to end to ensure that it reflects the most current science. A review may not require any modifications to the article, so the two dates may not always agree.
The modified date indicates that one or more changes were made to the article. Such changes may or may not result from a full review of the article, so the two dates may not always agree.