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Semen Analysis

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Also known as: Sperm Analysis; Sperm Count; Seminal Fluid Analysis
Formal name: Semen Analysis
Related tests: Antisperm Antibody Test; FSH; LH; Testosterone; Prolactin; Urinalysis

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Hormone Health Network. Male Infertility. Available online at http://www.hormone.org/diseases-and-conditions/mens-health/infertility through http://www.hormone.org. Accessed September 2013.

Hormone Health Network. Infertility and Men. Available online at http://www.hormone.org/questions-and-answers/2012/infertility-and-men through http://www.hormone.org. Accessed September 2013.

MayoClinic.com. Male infertility: Causes. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/male-infertility/DS01038/DSECTION=causes through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed September 2013.

MayoClinic.com. Male infertility: Tests and diagnosis. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/male-infertility/DS01038/DSECTION=tests%2Dand%2Ddiagnosis through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed September 2013.

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Semen analysis. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003627.htm. Accessed September 2013.

The National Infertility Association. The Semen Analysis. Available online at http://www.resolve.org/diagnosis-management/infertility-diagnosis/the-semen-analysis.html through http://www.resolve.org. Accessed September 2013.

Healthline. Semen Analysis. Available online at http://www.healthline.com/health/semen-analysis#NormalResults through http://www.healthline.com. Accessed September 2013.

WebMd. Semen Analysis. Available online at http://www.webmd.com/infertility-and-reproduction/guide/semen-analysis through http://www.webmd.com. Accessed September 2013.

MayoClinic.com. Is a home sperm test useful? Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/home-sperm-test/AN02181 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed September 2013.

Turek PJ. Chapter 44. Male Infertility. In: Tanagho EA, McAninch JW, eds. Smith's General Urology. 17th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2008. Available online at http://www.accesssurgery.com/content.aspx?aID=3131816 through http://www.accesssurgery.com. Accessed September 25, 2013.

Borawski D, Bluth MH. Reproductive function and pregnancy, in Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods, 22nd ed. McPherson RA, Pincus MR, eds. Elsevier Sanders:Philadelphia. Pp 406-408, 2011.

Laboratory evaluation of male infertility, Chapter 21, in Campbell-Walsh Urology, 10th ed. Wein AJ, Kavoussi LR, Partin AW, Peters CA, Novick AC. Elsevier Saunders, 2011.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests (third edition), Norbert W. Tietz, editor. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders & Co., 1995; Pp. 554-556.

Laboratory Tests & Diagnostic Procedures with Nursing Diagnoses (4th edition), Corbett, JV. Stamford, Conn.: Appleton & Lang, 1996. Pp. 727-728.

Robert Harr, M.S. MT(ASCP). Associate Professor and Chair, Department of Public and Allied Health; Program Director, Medical Technology, Bowling Green State University.

Larry J. Kricka, PhD. American Association for Clinical Chemistry, past President. University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 843-845.

Wu, A. (© 2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, 4th Edition: Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO. Pp 978-979.

Dugdale III, D. (Updated 2008 May 21). Semen Analysis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003627.htm. Accessed February 2010.

Rubenstein, J. and Brannigan, R (Updated 2008 March 26). Infertility, Male. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/436829-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed February 2010.

Bayrak-Toydemir, P. et. al. (Updated 2009 August) Infertility. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/Infertility.html# through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed February 2010.

Rebar, R. (Revised 2008 November) Infertility, Sperm Disorders. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec18/ch256/ch256b.html?qt=semen analysis&alt=sh through http://www.merck.com. Accessed February 2010.