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Stool Culture

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Also known as: Bacterial Culture, stool; Feces Culture
Formal name: Enteric Pathogens Culture, stool

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

Devkota, B. (2014 January 16 Updated). Stool Culture. Medscape Drugs and Diseases. [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2107038-overview. Accessed on 02/08/16.

Guandalini, S. and Frye, R. (2015 August 19 Updated). Diarrhea. Medscape Drugs and Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/928598-overview. Accessed on 02/08/16.

Lehrer, J. (2014 May 15 Updated). Fecal culture. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003758.htm. Accessed on 02/08/16.

Dowshen, S. (2014 September Reviewed). Stool Test: Bacteria Culture. KidsHealth from Nemours [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/parent/system/medical/test_bac_culture.html. Accessed on 02/08/16.

(2016 January Updated). Diarrhea. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at https://live.arupconsult.com/node/1961/?tab=tab_item-3. Accessed on 02/08/16.

MLO Staff. (2013 August 17). Molecular revolution entering GI diagnostic testing. MLO [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mlo-online.com/molecular-revolution-entering-gi-diagnostic-testing.php. Accessed on 02/08/16.

Rolek, K. et al (2014 December 3). Gastrointestinal Pathogen Panel Guidance. Nebraska Medicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nebraskamed.com/app_files/pdf/careers/education-programs/asp/gi-panel-guidance-12-3-14.pdf. Accessed on 02/08/16.

Stein A, et al. Chemotherapy-induced diarrhea: pathophysiology, frequency and guideline-based management. Ther Adv Med Oncol. 2010 Jan; 2(1): 51–63. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3126005/. Accessed March 2016.

Symposium, Medical Association Communications and the Twenty-Seventh Annual Congress of the Oncology Nursing Society. Symptom Management of Chemotherapy-Induced Diarrhea: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Available online at http://www.cmecorner.com/macmcm/ons/ons2002_05.htm. Accessed March 2016.

Koselke E, Kraft S. Chemotherapy-Induced Diarrhea: Options for Treatment and Prevention. Journal of Hematology Oncology and Pharmacy; December 2012 Vol 2, No 4. Available online at http://jhoponline.com/jhop-issue-archive/2012-issues/december-2012-vol-3-no-4/15408-chemotherapy-unduced-diarrhea-options. Accessed March 2016.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

(2003 March 6). Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli. CDC, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Disease Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/diarrecoli_t.htm.

(2002 September 6). Campylobacter Infections. CDC, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Disease Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/campylobacter_g.htm.

(2003, July 3, Updated). Escherichia coli O157:H7. CDC, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Disease Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/escherichiacoli_g.htm.

(2001 March 08). Escherichia coli O157:H7, Technical Information. CDC, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Disease Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/escherichiacoli_t.htm.

(2003 March 7). Salmonella Enteritidis. CDC, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Disease Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/salment_g.htm.

(2003 June 9). Salmonellosis. CDC, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Disease Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/salmonellosis_g.htm.

(2003 March 7). Shigellosis. CDC, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Disease Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/shigellosis_g.htm.

(2001 June 20). Typhoid Fever. CDC, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Disease Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/typhoidfever_g.htm.

(2000 April). E. Coli Infection. AAFP, familydoctor.org, Handout [On-line information]. Available online at http://familydoctor.org/handouts/242.html.

Graha, P. (2002 December 22). Campylobacter Enteritis. MedlinePlus Health Information, Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000224.htm.

Kott, C. (2002 February 20). E. coli enteritis. MedlinePlus Health Information, Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000296.htm.

Kotton, C. (2002 January 8). Fecal culture. MedlinePlus Health Information, Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003758.htm.

Kotton, C. (2001 August 3). Salmonella Enterocolitis. MedlinePlus Health Information, Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000294.htm.

Parsons, C. (2002 July 31). Shigella enteritis. MedlinePlus Health Information, Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000295.htm.

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 887.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 1607-1610.

Lentnek, A. (2007 November 12, Updated). Fecal Culture. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Accessed on: 1/30/08. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003758.htm.

(2011 January). Diarrhea. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse [On-line information]. Available online at http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/diarrhea/. Accessed May 2011.

Guandalini, S. (Updated 2010 April 8). Diarrhea. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/928598-overview. Accessed May 2011.

Vorvick, L. et. al. (Updated 2010 May 4). Fecal culture. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003758.htm. Accessed May 2011.

Fisher, M. (Updated 2011 April). Diarrhea, Bacterial Evaluation. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/BacterialDiarrhea.html?client_ID=LTD. Accessed May 2011.

(© 1995–2011). Unit Code 50005: Enteric Pathogens Culture, Stool. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Clinical+and+Interpretive/50005. Accessed May 2011.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 911-912.

Forbes BA, Sahm DF, Weissfeld AS. Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology 12th Edition: Mosby Elsevier, St. Louis, MO; 2007, Pp 873-883.