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Strep Throat Test

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Also known as: Throat Culture; Culture, Throat; Rapid Strep Test; Rapid Antigen Detection Test; RADT; Streptococcal Screen
Formal name: Group A streptococcus (GAS); Group A beta hemolytic streptococcus

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

Kahn, Z and Salvaggio, M. (2015 3 September, Updated). Group A Streptococcal Infections. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/228936-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed on September 7, 2015.

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2012 20 December, Updated). Strep Throat. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/strep-throat/basics/definition/con-20022811 through http://www.mayoclinic.org. Accessed on September 7, 2015.

US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014 20 October, Updated). Is It Strep Throat? Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/Features/strepthroat/ through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on September 7, 2015.

Medscape Medical News. (2015 2 April). Rapid Group A Strep Test Clears FDA. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/842544 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed on September 7, 2015.

Lean W, Arnup, S, Danchin M, and Steer A. Rapid Diagnostic Tests for Group A Streptococcal Pharyngitis: A Meta-analysis. Pediatrics. 2014;134(4). Available online at http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2014/09/02/peds.2014-1094 through http://pediatrics.aappublications.org. Accessed on September 7, 2015.

Alere i Strep A. [Package Insert]. Alere Scarborough, Inc., Scarborough, Maine. July 2015.

Medscape Medical News. (2015 2 September). Strep Throat: Treated Kids Can Return to School in 12 Hours. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/850338 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed on September 7, 2015.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

(2005 October 11). Group A Streptococcal (GAS) Disease (strep throat, necrotizing fasciitis, impetigo). CDC, Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/groupastreptococcal_g.htm through http://www.cdc.gov.

Vincent, M., et. al. (2004 March 15). Pharyngitis. American Family Physician [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20040315/1465.html through http://www.aafp.org.

Kazzi, A. and Wills, J. (2005 April 21, Updated). Pharyngitis. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.emedicine.com/emerg/topic419.htm through http://www.emedicine.com.

Gerber, M. and Shulman, S. (2004 July). Rapid Diagnosis of Pharyngitis Caused by Group A Streptococci. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, July 2004, p. 571-580, Vol. 17, No. 3 [On-line journal]. Available online at http://cmr.asm.org/cgi/content/full/17/3/571 through http://cmr.asm.org.

Homeier, B. (2005 September, Reviewed). Strep Throat. KidsHealth for Parents, Nemours Foundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/lung/strep_throat.html through http://kidshealth.org.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 912-913.

Forbes, B. et. al. (© 2007). Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology, 12th Edition: Mosby Elsevier Press, St. Louis, MO. Pp 265-278.

Smith, D. S. (Updated 2008 September 3). Streptococcal screen. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003745.htm. Accessed May 2009.

Sharif, I. (2008 November). Strep Throat. TeensHealth, The Nemours Foundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/teen/infections/bacterial_viral/strep_throat.html# through http://kidshealth.org. Accessed May 2009.

Nainggolan, L. (2009 March 6). AHA Updates Advice on Strep Throat, Preventing Rheumatic Fever. Medscape Today from Heartwire [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/589223 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed May 2009.

Vorvick, L. (Updated 2009 March 14). Strep throat. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000639.htm. Accessed May 2009.

(2009 February 26). Diagnosing, treating strep throat key to preventing rheumatic heart disease. American Heart Association News Release [On-line information]. Available online at http://americanheart.mediaroom.com/index.php?s=43&item=682 through http://americanheart.mediaroom.com. Accessed May 2009.

Mayo Clinic staff (2008 June 26) Strep throat. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/strep-throat/DS00260/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed May 2009.

(2012 September 10). Bad Sore Throat? It's Probably Not Strep, Most Likely Viral. IDSA [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.idsociety.org/2012_Strep_Throat_Guideline/ through http://www.idsociety.org. Accessed September 2012.

Shulman, S. et. al. (2012 September 9). Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis and Management of Group A Streptococcal Pharyngitis: 2012 Update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America. Clin Infect Dis. (2012) doi: 10.1093/cid/cis629. [On-line information]. Available online at http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/09/06/cid.cis629.full through http://cid.oxfordjournals.org. Accessed September 2012.

Khan, Z. and Salvaggio, M. (2012 August 1). Group A Streptococcal Infections. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/228936-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed September 2012.

Delgado, J. and Fisher, M. (Updated 2012 September). Streptococcal Disease, Group A - Group A, Strep. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/StrepA.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed September 2012.

Mayo Clinic staff (2010 June 26). Strep throat. Mayoclinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/strep-throat/DS00260/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed September 2012.

Ben-Joseph, E. (Reviewed 2011 October). The Scoop on Strep Throat. KidsHealth from Nemours [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/kid/ill_injure/sick/strep_throat.html# through http://kidshealth.org. Accessed September 2012.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 939.

Choby B. Diagnosis and Treatment of Streptococcal Pharyngitis. Am Fam Physician. 2009 Mar 1;79(5):383-390. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0301/p383.html through http://www.aafp.org. Accessed September 2012.

(May 2, 2012) Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Get Smart: Know When Antibiotics Work, Sore Throat. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/getsmart/antibiotic-use/URI/sore-throat.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed September 2012.