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Susceptibility Testing

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Also known as: Sensitivity Testing; Drug Resistance Testing; Culture and Sensitivity; C & S; Antimicrobial Susceptibility
Formal name: Bacterial and Fungal Susceptibility Testing

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

(© 1995-2013). Antimicrobial Susceptibility, Aerobic Bacteria, MIC. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/8073 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed August 2013.

Vorvick, L. (Updated 2013 January 22). Sensitivity analysis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003741.htm. Accessed August 2013.

Hazen, K. (Revised 2013 February). Susceptibility Testing. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.merckmanuals.com. Accessed August 2013.

Street, T. and Schmidt, S. (Updated 2012 October 18) Antimicrobial Susceptibility. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2103786-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2013.

McPherson, R. and Pincus, M. (© 2011). Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods 22nd Edition: Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, PA. Pp 11117-1128.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

(2004 April). The Problem of Antibiotic Resistance. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.niaid.nih.gov/factsheets/antimicro.htm through http://www.niaid.nih.gov.

(2003 April 4). Antibiotic Resistance, A Growing Threat. US Food and Drug Administration [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.fda.gov/oc/opacom/hottopics/anti_resist.html through http://www.fda.gov.

(2004 February 19). Using Antibiotics Sensibly. Mayoclinic.com, Infectious Disease Center [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/invoke.cfm?id=FL00075 through http://www.mayoclinic.com.

(2003 November). Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis Fact Sheet. American Lung Association [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.lungusa.org/site/pp.asp?c=dvLUK9O0E&b=35815 through http://www.lungusa.org.

Bren, L. (2003 September, Revised). The Battle of the Bugs: Fighting Antibiotic Resistance. U.S. Food and Drug Administration, FDA Consumer magazine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.fda.gov/fdac/features/2002/402_bugs.html through http://www.fda.gov.

Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. McPherson RA and Pincus MR, eds. Philadelphia: 2007, Pp 1048-1057.

(March 14, 2009) MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Sensitivity Analysis. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003741.htm. Accessed May 2009.

Forbes, B. et. al. (© 2007). Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology, Twelfth Edition: Mosby Elsevier Press, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 187-214.

(2007 August 6). Get Smart: Know When Antibiotics Work, Frequently Asked Questions. CDC [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/getsmart/index.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed June 2009.

Sutphen, S (2007 August 30). Antibiotic Resistance in the Emergency Room: The First Line of Defense. Medscape CME [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/562056 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed 8-24-08.

Barclay, L. (2008 July 3). Medscape Medical Household Antibacterial Product Use May Promote Microbial Resistance. Medscape Medical News [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/577055 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed June 2009.

Nicasio, A. et. al. (2008 May 13). The Current State of Multidrug-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacilli in North America. Medscape from Pharmacotherapy [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/572674 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed June 2009.

(2009 August 27). Treatment Multi-drug Resistant and Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis: Current Status and Future Prospects. Medscape Reuters Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/706826 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed June 2009.