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Synovial Fluid Analysis

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Also known as: Joint Fluid Analysis
Formal name: Synovial Fluid Analysis

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

Mundt, L. A. and Shanahan, K. (© 2010) Graff's Textbook of Routine Urinalysis and Body Fluids 2nd Edition: Lippincott Williams and Williams, Philadelphia, PA. Pp 258.

Villa-Forte, A. (Reviewed 2013 September). Evaluation of the patient with joint disorders. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals. Available online at http://www.merckmanuals.com. Accessed 9/9/2016.

Baer, A. N. (Updated 2014 January 3). The approach to a painful joint. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/336054-overview#a8. Accessed 9/9/2016.

Ma, B. C. (Updated 2015 May 9). Synovial fluid analysis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003629.htm. Accessed 9/9/2016.

Brusch, J. L. (Updated 2015 October 8). Septic arthritis workup. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/236299-workup#c8. Accessed 9/9/2016.

Sofronescu, A. (Updated 2016 April 13). Joint fluid interpretation. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2172238-overview. Accessed 9/9/2016.

Fisher, M. and Genzen, J. R. (Updated 2016 August). Hyperuricemia – Gout. ARUP Consult. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/Gout.html?client_ID=LTD#tabs=0. Accessed 9/9/2016.

(Updated 2016 August). Rheumatoid arthritis. ARUP Consult. Available online at https://arupconsult.com/content/rheumatoid-arthritis/?tab=tab_item-0. Accessed 9/9/2016.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition:  Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 133-136.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition.  Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. 1006-1007.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary.  F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition]. pp 1890.

Forbes, B. et. al. (© 2007). Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology, Twelfth Edition: Mosby Elsevier Press, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 904 – 913.

Joseph, T. (2007 May 6). Synovial fluid. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information].  Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003629.htm. Accessed on 6/21/08.

Lee, S. (2007 April 27, Updated). Septic arthritis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000430.htm. Accessed on 6/21/08.

Lee, S. (2007 June 18, Updated). Gout – chronic. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000424.htm. Accessed on 6/21/08.

Zeller, J. et. al. (2007 April 4). Septic Arthritis. JAMA Patient Page JAMA. 2007;297(13):1510 [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/reprint/297/13/1510.pdf. Accessed on 6/21/08.

Lee, S. (2007 April 26, Updated). Acute gouty arthritis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000422.htm. Accessed on 6/21/08.

Jacobs DS, DeMott WR, Oxley DK: Jacobs & DeMott Laboratory Test Handbook, 5th ed. LexiComp:Hudson, OH. Pp323-325, 2001.

Vorvick, L. (Updated 2011 June 4). Synovial fluid analysis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003629.htm. Accessed February 2012.

Sweiss, N. et. al. (Updated 2012 February 7). Septic Arthritis Aspiration Techniques and Indications for Surgery. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1268807-overview. Accessed February 2012.

Berman, J. and Paget, S. (Modified 2009 January). Evaluation of the Patient With Joint Disorders. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.merckmanuals.com. Accessed February 2012.

(© 1995–2012). Test ID: CCBF8419 Cell Count and Differential, Body Fluid. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Clinical+and+Interpretive/8419. Accessed February 2012.

(© 1995–2012). Test ID: SFC8719 Crystal Identification, Synovial Fluid. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/8719. Accessed February 2012.

(2011 July) Questions and Answers about Arthritis and Rheumatic Diseases. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Arthritis/arthritis_rheumatic_qa.asp. Accessed February 2012.

Lehman, C. and Roberts, W. (Updated 2011 May). Hyperuricemia – Gout. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/Gout.html?client_ID=LTD#tabs=0. Accessed February 2012.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 132-135.