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Syphilis Tests

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Also known as: Venereal Disease Research Laboratory; VDRL; Rapid Plasma Reagin; RPR; Fluorescent Treponemal Antibody Absorption Test; FTA-ABS; Treponema pallidum Particle Agglutination Assay; TPPA; Microhemagglutination Assay; MHA-TP; Darkfield Microscopy; Automated Immunoassays for Syphilis Antibodies; Treponema pallidum by PCR
Formal name: Syphilis Detection Tests

At a Glance

Why Get Tested?

To screen for or diagnose an infection with the bacterium Treponema pallidum, which causes the sexually transmitted disease (STD) syphilis

When to Get Tested?

When you have symptoms of a syphilis infection or are at risk of being infected with syphilis, such as when you have another STD or HIV, have a sexual partner diagnosed with syphilis, or have engaged in high-risk sexual activity; when you are pregnant

Sample Required?

A blood sample drawn from a vein in your arm, a scraping from a chancre in the affected area, or cerebrospinal fluid taken via a spinal tap, depending on your clinical presentation

Test Preparation Needed?