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Also known as: Total Testosterone; Free Testosterone; Bioavailable Testosterone
Formal name: Testosterone
Related tests: FSH, LH, SHBG, DHEAS, Estradiol (see Estrogens), DHT, Gonadotropin-releasing Hormone, Semen Analysis, Anti-Mullerian Hormone, Androstenedione

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

(June 7, 2012) Kaplowitz. Precocious Puberty. Medscape Reference article. Available online at through Accessed November 2012.

(June 6, 2012) Kemp S. Hypogonadism. Medscape Reference. Available online at through Accessed November 2012.

(October 30, 2012) Lucidi R. Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome. Medscape Reference. Available online at through Accessed November 2012.

The Endocrine Society's Clinical Guidelines. Testosterone Therapy in Adult Men with Androgen Deficiency Syndromes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab June 2010, 95(6):2536–2559. PDF available for download at through Accessed November 2012.

Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 18ed, Longo DL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Jameson JL, Loscalzo J, Eds., McGraw-Hill. (2012) Chapters 49 & 346.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Clinical Chemistry: Theory, Analysis, Correlation. 3rd Edition. Lawrence A. Kaplan and Amadeo J. Pesce, St. Louis, MO. Mosby, 1996.

Clinical Chemistry: Principles, Procedures, Correlations. Michael L. Bishop, Janet L. Duben-Engelkirk, Edward P. Fody. Lipincott Williams & Wilkins, 4th Edition.

The Gale Encyclopedia of Childhood and Adolescence: Testosterone. Available online at through

Laurence M. Demers, PhD. Distinguished Professor of Pathology and Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, The M. S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA.

Pagana K, Pagana T. Mosby's Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests. 3rd Edition, St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier; 2006, Pp 481-484.

(January 2006) The Hormone Foundation. Low Testosterone and Men's Health. PDF available for download at through Accessed January 2009.

(January 2008) Eugster E, Palmert M, eds. The Hormone Foundation. Precocious Puberty. PDF available for download at through Accessed January 2009.

Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. Burtis CA, Ashwood ER, Bruns DE, eds. St. Louis: Elsevier Saunders; 2006.

(March 18, 2008) Holt E. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Testosterone. Available online at Accessed January 2009.

(December 9, 2008) Mayo Clinic. Male hypogonadism. Available online at through Accessed January 2009.