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TORCH

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Also known as: TORCH Panel
Formal name: TORCH Test

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

Hökelek, M. (2014 September 8 Updated). Toxoplasmosis. Medscape Drugs & Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/229969-overview. Accessed on 11/15/15.

Ezike, E. and Ang, J. (2014 December 18 Updated). Pediatric Rubella. Medscape Drugs & Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/968523-overview. Accessed on 11/15/15.

Schleiss, M. and Windle, M. (2015 January 27 Updated). Pediatric Cytomegalovirus Infection. Medscape Drugs & Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/963090-overview. Accessed on 11/15/15.

Pinninti, S. (2015 July 20 Updated). Pediatric Herpes Simplex Virus Infection. Medscape Drugs & Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/964866-overview. Accessed on 11/15/15.

Kaneshiro, N. (2014 August 30, Updated). TORCH screen. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003350.htm. Accessed on 11/15/15.

Couturier, M. and Hillyard, D. (2015 June Updated). Toxoplasma gondii. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/Toxoplasmagondii.html?client_ID=LTD. Accessed on 11/15/15.

Couturier, M. (2015 June Updated). Rubella Virus. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/RubellaVirus.html. Accessed on 11/15/15.

Couturier, M. et. al. (2015 February Updated). Cytomegalovirus – CMV. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/CMV.html. Accessed on 11/15/15.

Couturier, M. et. al. (2015 August Updated). Herpes Simplex Virus – HSV. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/HSV.html?client_ID=LTD. Accessed on 11/15/15.

(December 3, 2104) Marino, T. Viral Infections and Pregnancy. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/235213-overview. Accessed January 2016.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews
Frey, Rebecca J. TORCH Tests. Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. 1st Edition. Gale Research Group, 1999.

Health A to Z: TORCH test. Available online at http://www.healthatoz.com/healthatoz/Atoz/ency/torch_test.jsp.

(Update May 1, 2007) Lewis R. MedlinePlus Encyclopedia. TORCH screen. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003350.htm. Accessed October 2008.

Enotes.com. Encyclopedia of Nursing & Allied Health. TORCH Test. Available online at http://www.enotes.com/nursing-encyclopedia/torch-test. Accessed October 2008.

Forbes BA, Sahm DF, Weissfeld AS. Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology 12th Edition: Mosby Elsevier, St. Louis, MO; 2007 P. 748.

Brandt, Rachael T. TORCH Test. The Gale Group Inc. Healthline.com. Available online at http://www.healthline.com/galecontent/torch-test-2/4. Accessed June 2011.

Van der Weiden S, et al. Is routine TORCH screening and urine CMV culture warranted in small for gestational age neonates? Early Hum Dev. 2011 Feb; 87(2): 103-7. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21145674. Accessed June 2011.