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Also known as: TORCH Panel
Formal name: TORCH Test
Related tests: Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, CMV, Herpes

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

Brandt, Rachael T. TORCH Test. The Gale Group Inc. Available online at through Accessed June 2011.

Van der Weiden S, et al. Is routine TORCH screening and urine CMV culture warranted in small for gestational age neonates? Early Hum Dev. 2011 Feb; 87(2): 103-7. Available online at Accessed June 2011.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews
Frey, Rebecca J. TORCH Tests. Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. 1st Edition. Gale Research Group, 1999.

Health A to Z: TORCH test. Available online at through

(Update May 1, 2007) Lewis R. MedlinePlus Encyclopedia. TORCH screen. Available online at Accessed October 2008. Encyclopedia of Nursing & Allied Health. TORCH Test. Available online at through Accessed October 2008.

Forbes BA, Sahm DF, Weissfeld AS. Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology 12th Edition: Mosby Elsevier, St. Louis, MO; 2007 P. 748.