3. Once I have had a Toxoplasma gondii infection, can I get infected again?
In general, once you have been infected and the primary infection becomes dormant, you have immunity against re-infection from an outside source if you remain healthy. However, if your immune system is weakened for some reason, a dormant infection may become reactivated. It is thought that most infections in immunocompromised people, such as those with HIV/AIDs, are due to reactivations rather than new infections.
Most healthy people do not require treatment, but there are treatments available for those with compromised immune systems, for pregnant women to help lessen the risk that the infection will be passed to the fetus, and for newborns with congenital toxoplasmosis. For more on treatment, see the Mayo Clinic web site.
7. Besides antibody and molecular tests, are there other ways of testing for toxoplasmosis?
Rarely, a sample of tissue may be removed (biopsy) from an area of the body that is suspected of being infected with the Toxoplasmaparasite. The sample may be cultured and/or stained and examined under a microscope to detect the parasite. These procedures are usually reserved for cases that are difficult to diagnose.
This article was last reviewed on April 1, 2014. | This article was last modified on May 13, 2014.
The review date indicates when the article was last reviewed from beginning to end to ensure that it reflects the most current science. A review may not require any modifications to the article, so the two dates may not always agree.
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