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Toxoplasmosis Testing

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Also known as: Toxoplasma gondii, T. gondii
Formal name: Toxoplasma gondii Antibodies, IgG, IgM; Toxoplasma gondii Molecular Detection by PCR

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Hökelek, M. (Updated 2013 May 3). Toxoplasmosis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/229969-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed November 2013.

(© 1995–2013). Toxoplasma gondii, Molecular Detection, PCR. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/81795 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed November 2013.

(© 1995–2013). Toxoplasma gondii Antibody, IgM and IgG (Separate Determinations), Serum. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/61857 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed November 2013.

Dugdale, D. (2012 October 6). Toxoplasma test. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003514.htm through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed November 2013.

Ryder, J. (Updated 2013 September 30). Toxoplasmosis Pathology. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1743814-overview#showall through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed November 2013.

Couturier, M. and Hillyard, D. (Updated 2013 September) Toxoplasma gondii. ARUP Consult Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/Toxoplasmagondii.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed November 2013.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 966-967.

McPherson, R. and Pincus, M. (© 2011). Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods 22nd Edition: Elsevier Saunders, Philadelphia, PA. Pp 613-614.

Forbes BA, Sahm DF, Weissfeld AS, Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology 12th Edition: Mosby Elsevier, St. Louis, MO; 2007, Pp 577-578.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

(Updated 2010 July 9). Toxoplasmosis. National Toxicology Program, Center for the Evaluation of Risks to Human Reproduction [On-line information]. Available online at http://cerhr.niehs.nih.gov/common/toxoplasmosis.html through http://cerhr.niehs.nih.gov. Accessed August 2010.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2009 June 27). Toxoplasmosis. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/toxoplasmosis/DS00510/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed August 2010.

Hökelek, M. (Updated 2009 January 27). Toxoplasmosis. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/229969-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2010.

Wu, L. et. al. (Updated 2010 February 19). Toxoplasmosis. eMedicine Specialties, Ophthalmology [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1204441-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2010.

Singh, N. and Thomas, F. (Updated 2010 March 23). HIV-1 Associated Opportunistic Infections - CNS Toxoplasmosis. eMedicine Specialties, Neurology [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1167298-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed August 2010.

Pereira-Chioccola; V.L. et. al. (2010 February 9). Toxoplasma gondii Infection and Cerebral Toxoplasmosis in HIV-infected Patients. Medscape Today from Future Microbiology. 2009;4(10):1363-1379 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/714611 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed August 2010.

Toxoplasmosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Zoonotic, Vector-Borne, and Enteric Diseases, Division of Parasitic Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.dpd.cdc.gov/dpdx/HTML/Toxoplasmosis.htm through http://www.dpd.cdc.gov. Accessed August 2010.

(Reviewed 2008 January 10). Toxoplasmosis, Epidemiology & Risk Factors. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/toxoplasmosis/epi.html through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed August 2010.

Klein, J. (2008 November). Toxoplasmosis. KidsHealth, from Nemours Foundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/parent/infections/parasitic/toxoplasmosis.html through http://kidshealth.org. Accessed August 2010.

(2008 October). Toxoplasmosis, March of Dimes Quick Reference Fact Sheet [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.marchofdimes.com/professionals/14332_1228.asp through http://www.marchofdimes.com. Accessed August 2010.

Hillyard, D. and Litwin, C. (Reviewed 2009 August). Toxoplasma gondii. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/Toxoplasmagondii.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed August 2010.

Pearson, R. (Revised 2009 December). Toxoplasmosis. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec14/ch186/ch186h.html#sec14-ch186-ch186h-2212 through http://www.merck.com. Accessed August 2010.

Van Voorhees, B. (Updated 2009 May 27). Congenital toxoplasmosis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001360.htm. Accessed August 2010.

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2009 December 1). Toxoplasmosis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000637.htm. Accessed August 2010.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Wu, A. (© 2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, 4th Edition: Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO. Pp 1617.

(May 1, 2005) Center for Food Security and Public Health, Iowa State University. Toxoplasmosis. PDF available for download at http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu/Factsheets/pdfs/toxoplasmosis.pdf through http://www.cfsph.iastate.edu. Accessed August 2010.