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Total Protein and Albumin/Globulin (A/G) Ratio

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Also known as: TP; Albumin/Globulin Ratio; A/G Ratio
Formal name: Total Protein; Albumin to Globulin Ratio

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

(© 1995–2016).Protein, Total, Serum. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Clinical+and+Interpretive/8520. Accessed 3/23/16.

Bertholf, R. (2014). Proteins and Albumin. Medscape Multispecialty from Lab Med. 2014;45(1):e25-e41. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/823421_6. Accessed 3/23/16.

Shah, D. and Seiter, K. (2016 February 5 Updated). Multiple Myeloma. Medscape Drugs and Diseases. [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/204369-overview#showall. Accessed 3/23/16.

Delgado, J. (2015 December Updated). Proteins. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at https://arupconsult.com/content/proteins. Accessed 3/23/16.

Martin, L. (2015 May 3 Updated). Total protein. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003483.htm. Accessed 3/23/16.

Durani, Y. (2014 August Reviewed). Hepatic (Liver) Function Panel. TeensHealth from Nemours [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/en/teens/test-liver-function.html. Accessed 3/23/16.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. Burtis CA, Ashwood ER and Bruns DE, eds. 4th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier Saunders; 2006, Pp 543-546.

(May 17, 2007) Van Voorhees B. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Total Protein. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003483.htm. Accessed April 2009.

Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. McPherson RA and Pincus MR, eds. Philadelphia: 2007, Pp 231-236.

(November 3, 2007) Mayo Clinic: High protein in blood: What causes it? Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/protein-in-blood/AN01204. Accessed April 2009.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry. AACC Press, Washington, DC Pp 200, 206.

Dugdale, D. (Updated 2011 May 30). Total protein. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003483.htm. Accessed February 2013.

(© 1995–2013). Protein, Total, Serum. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/8520. Accessed February 2013.

Alvaran Tuazon, S. and Scarpaci, A. (Updated 2012 May 11). Serum Protein Electrophoresis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2087113-overview#showall. Accessed February 2013.

Gersten, T. (Updated 2012 February 8). Protein electrophoresis – serum. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003540.htm. Accessed February 2013.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 799-804.

Clarke, W., Editor (© 2011). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry 2nd Edition: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 233-246.