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Trichomonas Testing

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Also known as: T. vaginalis; Wet Prep
Formal name: Trichomonas vaginalis; Trichomonas vaginalis RNA; Trichomonas vaginalis Culture; Trichomonas vaginalis DNA Probe; Trichomonas vaginalis by Amplified Detection; Trichomonas vaginalis by Direct Fluorescent Antibody (DFA)

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Trichomoniasis - CDC Fact Sheet. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/std/trichomonas/STDFact-Trichomoniasis.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Page last updated August 3, 2012. Accessed January 2013. 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Disease Treatment Guidelines. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/std/treatment/2010/genital-ulcers.htm#hsv through http://www.cdc.gov. Page last reviewed January 28, 2011. Accessed January 2013.

American Sexual Health Association. Trichomoniasis. Available online at http://www.ashastd.org/std-sti/trichomoniasis.html through http://www.ashastd.org. Copyright 2012. Accessed January 2013.

MedlinePlus Medical Encylopedia. Trichomoniasis. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001331.htm. Accessed January 2013.

Mission Pharmacal Company. Trichomoniasis: The most common curable sexually transmitted disease. Available online at http://www.trichomoniasis.org/Diagnosis/Index.aspx through http://www.trichomoniasis.org. Copyright 2013. Accessed January 2013.

Arup Laboratories. Laboratory Test Directory. Available online through http://www.aruplab.com/. Accessed April 2013.

Quest Diagnostics. Test Center.  Available online through http://www.questdiagnostics.com. Accessed April 2013.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Trichomonas Fact Sheet. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dpd/parasites/trichomonas/factsht_trichomonas.htm through http://www.cdc.gov.

American Social Health Association: VAGINITIS/TRICHOMONIASIS, Questions & Answers. Available online at http://www.ashastd.org/learn/learn_vag_trich.cfm through http://www.ashastd.org.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 1618.

Planned Parenthood: Trichomoniasis. Available online at http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/stds-hiv-safer-sex/trichomoniasis-4282.htm through http://www.plannedparenthood.org. Accessed June 2009.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Fact Sheet: Trichomoniasis. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/std/trichomonas/STDFact-Trichomoniasis.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed June 2009.

American Social Health Association: VAGINITIS/TRICHOMONIASIS. Available online at http://www.ashastd.org/learn/learn_vag_trich_tri.cfm through http://www.ashastd.org. Accessed June 2009.

MedlinePlus Medical Encylopedia: Trichomoniasis. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001331.htm. Accessed June 2009.

TeensHealth: Trichomoniasis. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/teen/infections/stds/std_trichomoniasis.html through http://kidshealth.org. Accessed June 2009.

Petrin D, Delgaty K, Bhatt R, et. al. Clinical and microbiological aspects of Trichomonas vaginalis. Clin Microbio Rev 11:300-317, 1998.

Briselden AM, Hiller SL. Evaluation of Afirm VP microbial identification for Gardnerella vaginalis and Trichomonas vaginalis. J Clin Microbiol 32:148-152, 1994.

DeMeo LR, Draper DL, McGregor JA, et. al. Evaluation of deoxyribonucleic acid probe for the detection of Trichomonas vaginalis in vaginal secretions. Am J Obstet Gynecol 174:1339-1342, 1996.

Rubino S, Muresu R, Rappelli P, et. al. Molecular probe for identification of Trichomonas vaginalis DNA. J Clin Microbiol 29:702-706, 1991.

Witkin SS, Inglis SR, Polaneczky M, et. al. Detection of Chlamydia trachomatis and Trichomonas vaginalis by polymerase chain reaction in introital specimens from pregnant women. Am J Obstet Gynecol 175:165-167, 1996.

Campbell L, Woods V, Lloyd T, Elsayed S, Church DL. Evaluation of the OSOM Trichomonas rapid test versus wet preparation examination for detection of Trichomonas vaginalis vaginitis in specimens from women with a low prevalence of infection. J Clin Microbiol 2008 Oct; 46(10):3467-9.