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Urinalysis

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Also known as: Urine Test; Urine Analysis; UA
Formal name: Urinalysis

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Coad, S. et. al. (2012 May 16). Understanding Urinalysis, Clues for the Obstetrician-Gynecologist. Medscape Today News [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/763579 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed October 2012.

(2012 May 24). Urinary Tract Infections in Adults. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse, NIDDK. [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/KUDiseases/pubs/utiadult/index.aspx through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed October 2012.

(© 1995-2012). Urinalysis, Complete, Includes Microscopic. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/9308 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed October 2012.

Lin, J. (Updated 2012 March 16). Specific Gravity. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2090711-overview#showall through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed October 2012.

Peacock, P. and Sinert, R. Management of Acute Complications of Acute Renal Failure. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/777845-overview#a1 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed October 2012.

Szczech, L. (2011 November 1). A Simple Test With Major Implications for Kidney Function. Medscape Today News [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/752171 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed October 2012

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 1000-1004.

Clarke, W., Editor (© 2011). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry 2nd Edition: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 397-408.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Nancy A. Brunzel, MS, CLS (NCA). Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN.

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp. 968-980.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp. 339-350.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition]. Pp. 2038-2042.

(2007 August). Your Urinary System and How It Works. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/yoururinary/ through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed on 12/16/08.

Vorvick, L. (2008 May 5). Urinalysis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003579.htm. Accessed on 12/16/08.

(2005 November, Revised). Approach to the Renal Patient. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec17/ch226/ch226b.html#sec17-ch226-ch226b-21 through http://www.merck.com. Accessed on 12/16/08.

Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. Burtis CA, Ashwood ER and Bruns DE, eds. 4th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier Saunders; 2006, Pp. 808-812.

Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. McPherson RA and Pincus MR, eds. Philadelphia: 2007, Pp. 409-419.