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Urine Culture

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Also known as: Urine Culture and Sensitivity; Urine C and S
Formal name: Culture, Urine

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 1017-1019.

(2012 May 24). Urinary Tract Infections in Adults. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse, NIDDK. [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/KUDiseases/pubs/utiadult/index.aspx through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed October 2012.

(© 1995-2012). Bacterial Culture, Aerobic, Urine. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com/test-catalog/Overview/8105 through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed October 2012.

Johnson, J. et. al. (2011 December 4). Do Urine Cultures for Urinary Tract Infections Decrease Follow-up Visits? Medscape Today News from J Am Board Fam Med. V 24(6):647-655. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/753802 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed October 2012.

Brusch, J. (Updated 2012 February 1). Cystitis in Females. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/233101-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed October 2012.

Graneto, J. and Bechtel, K. (2011 November 8). Emergent Management of Pediatric Patients with Fever. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/801598-overview#a1 through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed October 2012.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 981-983.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 1621-1622.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition]. Pp 2037-2038.

Forbes, B. et. al. (© 2007). Bailey & Scott’s Diagnostic Microbiology, Twelfth Edition: Mosby Elsevier Press, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 842-855.

(2007 August). Your Urinary System and How It Works. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/yoururinary/ through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed March 2009.

(2008). Existing Recommendations for Bacteriuria Screening Upheld. Medscape from Reuters Health Information [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/576888 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed March 2009.

Stanley Hellerstein, S. (2008 September 17). Urinary Tract Infection. EMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/969643-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed March 2009.

(2005 November, Revised). Approach to the Renal Patient. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec17/ch226/ch226b.html#sec17-ch226-ch226b-21 through http://www.merck.com. Accessed March 2009.

Barclay, L. and Murata, P. (2007 May 17). Perineal/Genital Cleaning During Urine Collection May Minimize Contamination. Medscape Medical News [On-line CME]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/556640 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed March 2009.

McCarter, Y.S., E.M. Burd, G.S. Hall, and M. Zervos. 2009. Cumitech 2C, Laboratory Diagnosis of Urinary Tract Infections. Coordinating ed. S.E. Sharp. ASM Press, Washington, DC.

Kasper DL, Braunwald E, Fauci AS, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Jameson JL eds (2005). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 16th Edition, McGraw Hill, Pp 1715 and 1718.

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Urine culture, catheterized. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003752.htm. Accessed April 2010.