Proceeds from website advertising help sustain Lab Tests Online. AACC is a not-for-profit organization and does not endorse non-AACC products and services.

HIV Viral Load

Print this article
Share this page:
Also known as: HIV Nucleic Acid Amplification Test; HIV NAAT; HIV NAT; HIV PCR; Quantitative Plasma RNA Test; HIV Quantification
Formal name: Human Immunodeficiency Virus RNA, Quantitative
Related tests: CD4 and CD8; HIV Antibody; HIV Proviral DNA; p24 Antigen; HIV Drug Resistance (Genotypic and Phenotypic)

Article Sources

« Return to Related Pages

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

(Updated 2011 January 10). Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in HIV-1-Infected Adults and Adolescents, Plasma HIV RNA Testing. AIDSinfo On-line information]. Available online through http://aidsinfo.nih.gov. Accessed February 2012.

Hillyard, D. et. al. (2011 November). Human Immunodeficiency Virus – HIV. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/HIV.html?client_ID=LTD through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed February 2012.

Bennett, N. (Updated 2011 July 14). Laboratory Assays in HIV Infection. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1995114-overview#showall through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed February 2012.

Osterweil, N. (2012 January 12). Infectivity Rises with Plasma Viral Load. Medscape Medical News [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/756807 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed February 2012.

(© 1995-2012). Test ID: HIVQR, HIV-1 RNA Quantification with Reflex to HIV-1 Genotypic Drug Resistance Mutation Analysis, Plasma. Mayo Clinic Mayo Medical Laboratories [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.mayomedicallaboratories.com. Accessed February 2012.

Lowry, F. (2011 May 7). HIV Viral Load Detectable After Just 2 Days Without Meds. Medscape Medical News [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/743566 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed February 2012.

Delaney, K.P. et. al. Performance of an alternative laboratory-based algorithm for HIV diagnosis in a high-risk population J Clin Virol (2011), doi:10.1016/j.jcv.2011.09.013.

Masciotra, S. et. al. Evaluation of an alternative HIV diagnostic algorithm using specimens from seroconversion panels and persons with established HIV infections. J Clin Virol (2011), doi:10.1016/j.jcv.2011.09.011.

Wesolowski, L. et. al. Performance of an alternative laboratory-based algorithm for diagnosis of HIV infection utilizing a third generation immunoassay, a rpidrapid HIV-1/HIV-2 differentiation test and a DNA or RNA-based nucleic acid amplification test in persons with established HIV-1 infection and blood donors. J Clin Virol (2011), doi:1016/j.jcv.2011.09.026.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2011). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 10th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 548-552.

Clarke, W., Editor (© 2011). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry 2nd Edition: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 609-612.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Janice K. Pinson MT, MBA. Molecular Business Strategies, Birmingham, MI.

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp. 535-538.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp. 487-490.

Bennett, N. and Rose, F. (2008 October 22, Updated). HIV Disease. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.emedicine.com/med/TOPIC24.HTM through http://www.emedicine.com. Accessed on 10/26/08.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2008 August 9). MayoClinic HIV/AIDS. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/hiv-aids/DS00005 through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed on 10/30/08.

(2005 November, Revised). Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Introduction. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec14/ch192/ch192a.html?qt=HIV&alt=sh through http://www.merck.com. Accessed on 10/30/08.

(2008 September, Reviewed). Human Immunodeficiency Virus – HIV. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/InfectiousDz/Viruses/HIV.html through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed on 10/30/08.

(2006 September 22). Revised Recommendations for HIV Testing of Adults, Adolescents, and Pregnant Women in Health-Care Settings. CDC MMWR 55(RR14); 1-17 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5514a1.htm through http://www.cdc.gov. Accessed on 11/1/08.

(2008 September, Updated) HIV and Plasma Viral Load Testing. Familydoctor.org [On-line information]. Available online at http://familydoctor.org/online/famdocen/home/common/sexinfections/hiv/654.html through http://familydoctor.org. Accessed on 11/1/08.

(Updated January 9,2009) AVERT.org. HIV testing. Available online at http://www.avert.org/testing.htm. Accessed February 2009.

Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. Burtis CA, Ashwood ER and Bruns DE, eds. 4th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Elsevier Saunders; 2006, Pp. 1567-1568.

(October 22, 2007) National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. HIV/AIDS. Available online at http://www3.niaid.nih.gov/topics/HIVAIDS/. Accessed February 2009.

Arup Laboratories. ArupConsult. Human Immunodeficiency Testing in Infants. PDF available for download at http://www.arupconsult.com/Algorithms/HIVInfants.pdf through http://www.arupconsult.com. Accessed February 2009.

Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. McPherson RA and Pincus MR, eds. Philadelphia: 2007, Pg. 989.

(Reviewed Oct 7, 2008) AIDS infonet.org. Fact sheet, Viral Load Tests. Available online at http://www.aidsinfonet.org/fact_sheets/view/125 through http://www.aidsinfonet.org. Accessed February 2009.