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Alcoholism

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Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

2017 review performed by Jill Warrington, MD, PhD, Chief Medical Officer, BLA Partners, Clinical Pathology, University of Vermont Medical Center.

Addiction-ary. Recovery Research Institute. Available online at https://www.recoveryanswers.org/addiction-ary/. Accessed 4/30/17.

(October 18, 2016) Alcohol and Public Health. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available online at https://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/. Accessed on 5/1/17.

Substance abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US)/Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, Rockville, MD (2009) Incorporating Alcohol Pharmacotherapies Into Medical Practice, revises and expands on TIP 28, Naltrexone and Alcoholism Treatment, Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series, No. 49, Chapter 4.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (2015). Beyond Hangovers: Understanding alcohol's impact on your health. National Institutes of Health Publication No. 15-7604.

Carmona, RH (2005). A 2005 Message to Women from the U.S. Surgeon General: Advisory on Alcohol Use in Pregnancy. Available online at https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fasd/documents/surgeongenbookmark.pdf. Accessed on 5/2/17.

(June 2006) Quick Reference Instrument Guide. National Instittue on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Available online at https://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/AssessingAlcohol/quickref.htm. Accessed on 5/3/17.

Gnann, H, Thierauf A, Hagenbuch F, Rohr B, Weinmann W. (2014) Time Dependence of Elimination of Different PEth Homologues in Alcoholics in Comparison with Social Drinkers. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. Volume 38: pages 322-326.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

American Medical News online; Amednews.com, Aug. 28, 2000. Lab test offers new way to spot alcoholism. Victoria Stagg Elliott (AMNews staff). Available online at http://www.ama-assn.org/sci-pubs/amnews/pick_00/hlsc0828.htm.

NIAAA. Brief Intervention for Alcohol Problems. Available online at http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/aa43.htm.

Ballard HS. Hematological Complications of Alcoholism. Alcohol Health & Research World. 21:1977: 42-52. PDF available for download at http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh21-1/42.pdf.

Hoeksema HL, de Bock GH. The value of laboratory tests for the screening and recognition of alcohol abuse in primary care patients. Journal of Family Practice, 1993; 37:268-276.

Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine. Gale Group, 2001. Available online at http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/g2603/0001/2603000147/p5/article.jhtml?term=.

Neuroscience Research and Medications Development; Alcohol Alert, No. 33, PH 366, July 1996. Avialable online at http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/aa33.htm.

Richard Fuller, NIAAA.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

(2005) Helping Patients who drink too much. NIAAA [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/Practitioner/CliniciansGuide2005/guide.pdf.

Holbeck, J. and Segal, J. (2005). Alcoholic Women and the Treatment Gap - Increasing Physician Awareness. Medscape Ob/Gyn & Women's Health. 2005; 10 (1) [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/501830?src=search.

(2005 January). Alcoholic Liver Disease. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, Alcohol Alert #64 [On-line information]. Available online at http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/aa64/aa64.htm.

To, S. (2006 January 4). Alcoholism and Pathways to Recovery: New Survey Results on Views and Treatment Options CME. Medscape General Medicine™. Posted 01/4/2006 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/518483?src=search.

(© 2002-2003) What Are the Myths Vs. Facts About Alcohol and the Liver? American Liver Foundation [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.liverfoundation.org.

(2005 February 21). March of Dimes, No "Safe" Level of Alcohol Use During Pregnancy, March of Dimes Warns, Thanks Surgeon General for Urging Pregnant Women to Abstain from Alcohol. Available online at http://www.marchofdimes.com/aboutus/14458_15138.asp.

NIAAA. FAQs for the General Public. Available online through http://www.niaaa.nih.gov. Accessed August 2009.

Couselling Resource. Welcome to the Michigan Alcohol Screening Test (MAST), Revised. Available online at http://counsellingresource.com/quizzes/alcohol-mast/index.html. Accessed August 2009.

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Alcoholism. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000944.htm. Accessed August 2009.

NIAAA. Assessing Alcohol Problems, Second Edition. PDF available for download at http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/Assessing%20Alcohol/factsheets.pdf.

NOFAS. Expectant Mothers: Effects of Alcohol. Available online at http://www.nofas.org/family/. Accessed August 2009.

ARUP Consult. Alcohol Abuse. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/AlcoholAbuse.html?client_ID=LTD. Accessed August 2009.

NIAAA. Rethinking Drinking. PDF available for download at http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/RethinkingDrinking/Rethinking-Drinking.pdf.

NIAAA. The Clinicians Guide. PDF available for download at http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/Practitioner/CliniciansGuide2005/guide.pdf.

Mary C. Dufour, M.D., M.P.H. Senior Vice President, The Madrillon Group Inc. Vienna, VA.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol Use Disorders. Available online at http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/alcohol-health/overview-alcohol-consumption/alcohol-use-disorders. Accessed March 7, 2013.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. What's At-Risk or Heavy Drinking? Rethinking Drinking: Alcohol and Your Health. Available online at http://rethinkingdrinking.niaaa.nih.gov/isyourdrinkingpatternrisky/whatsatriskorheavydrinking.asp. Accessed March 6, 2013.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Screening Tests. Available online at http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh28-2/78-79.htm. Accessed March 11, 2013.

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. Alcohol Alert. Available online at http://pubs.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/aa08.htm. Published April 1990. Accessed March 12, 2013.

March of Dimes. Alcohol During Pregnancy. Available online at http://www.marchofdimes.com/pregnancy/alcohol_indepth.html. Last reviewed July 2012. Accessed March 11, 2013.

March of Dimes. Drinking Alcohol During Pregnancy. Available online at http://www.marchofdimes.com/professionals/25079_1170.asp. Accessed March 11, 2013.

Mayo Clinic. Alcoholism: Treatment and Drugs. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/alcoholism/DS00340/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs. Last reviewed August 9, 2012. Accessed March 11, 2013.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration. The Role of Biomarkers in the Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders, 2012 Revision. PDF available for download at http://kap.samhsa.gov/products/manuals/advisory/pdfs/Advisory_Biomarkers_Revision.pdf. Published Spring 2012. Accessed March 7, 2013.

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Alcohol and Public Health. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/alcohol-use.htm. Last reviewed October 1, 2012. Accessed March 7, 2013.

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Alcohol and Public Health. Frequently Asked Question. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/faqs.htm#alcoholismAbuse. Last reviewed November 7, 2012. Accessed March 11, 2013.

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