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Anemia

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Tests: Iron Tests, Serum Iron, Ferritin, TIBC, UIBC, and Transferrin, Complete Blood Count, Hemoglobin, Hematocrit, White Blood Cell Differential Count, Reticulocyte Count, Bone Marrow Aspiration and Biopsy, Blood Smear, Sickle Cell Tests, Vitamin B12 and Folate, G6PD, Direct Antiglobulin Test, Haptoglobin, Intrinsic Factor Antibody, Parietal Cell AntibodyMethylmalonic Acid, Erythropoietin, Fecal Occult Blood Test and Fecal Immunochemical Test, Hemoglobinopathy Evaluation, H. pylori, Soluble Transferrin Receptor
Conditions: Sickle Cell Anemia, Thalassemia, Bone Marrow Disorders, Malnutrition, Vitamin B12 and Folate Deficiency, Hemoglobin Abnormalities
Screening: Pregnancy - First Trimester: Hemoglobin; Infants: Iron deficiency anemia; Children: Iron deficiency anemia; Teens: Iron deficiency anemia

Related Video


The Role of Red Blood Cells in Anemia
Source: American Society of Hematology

Elsewhere On The Web
American Society of Hematology: Anemia
MedlinePlus: Anemia
National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute: What is Anemia? 
Aplastic Anemia & MDS International Foundation, Inc.
Cooley's Anemia Foundation
American Sickle Cell Anemia Association
KidsHealth: Anemia

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

(February 2016) Mayo Clinic. Anemia. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/anemia/home/ovc-20183131. Accessed 6/1/2016.

(November 2010) Vranken, Michele. American Academy of Family Physicians. Evaluation of Microcytosis. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1101/p1117.html. Accessed 6/4/2016.

(May 2012) National Heart Lung and Blood Institute. What is Anemia? US Department of Health and Human Services. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/anemia. Accessed 6/1/2016.

(January 2016) National Health Services. Iron Deficiency Anemia. Available online at http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Anaemia-iron-deficiency-/Pages/Diagnosis.aspx. Accessed 6/3/2016.

(December 2013) Patient. Pernicious Anaemia and B12 Deficiency. National Health Services. Available online at http://patient.info/doctor/pernicious-anaemia-and-b12-deficiency. Accessed 6/5/2016.

(February 2014) Tidy, C. Aplastic Anaemia. National Health Services. Available online at http://patient.info/doctor/aplastic-anaemia. Accessed 6/5/2016.

(June 2014) US National Library of Medicine. Anemia. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0062933/#nhlbisec-diagnosis. Accessed 6/5/2016.

(May 20, 2015) Anemia. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/198475-overview. Accessed June 2016.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Clinical Chemistry: Theory, Analysis, Correlation. 3rd Edition. Lawrence A. Kaplan and Amadeo J. Pesce, St. Louis, MO. Mosby, 1996.

Clinical Hematology and Fundamentals of Hemostasis. Harmening D, ed. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company; 1997.

Stiene-Martin EA, Lotspeich-Steininger C, Koepke J. Clinical Hematology: Principles, Procedures, and Correlations. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Company; 1998.

(August 2008) National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute, Diseases and Conditions Index. Anemia. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/anemia/anemia_whatis.html. Accessed April 2009.

(Updated April 8, 2009) National Anemia Action Council. Anemia, Frequently Asked Questions. Available online at http://www.anemia.org/patients/faq/. Accessed April 2009.

(Updated May 29, 2008) National Anemia Action Council. Anemia Monograph. Available online at http://www.anemia.org/professionals/monograph/. Accessed April 2009.

Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 16th ed. Kasper D, Braunwald E, Fauci A, Hauser S, Longo D, Jameson JL, eds. McGraw-Hill, 2005 Pp 586-625.

Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 21st ed. McPherson RA and Pincus MR, eds. Philadelphia: 2007, Pp 504-539.

(Updated Nov 23, 2008) MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Pernicious Anemia. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000569.htm. Accessed April 2009.

(March 19, 2009) Mayo Clinic: Anemia. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/anemia/DS00321. Accessed April 2009.

(March 20, 2009) Mayo Clinic: Vitamin Deficiency Anemia. Tests and Diagnosis. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/vitamin-deficiency-anemia/DS00325/DSECTION=tests-and-diagnosis. Accessed April 2009.

(March 27, 2009) Mayo Clinic: Aplastic Anemia. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/aplastic-anemia/DS00322. Accessed April 2009.

(February 2007) National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute: Pernicious anemia. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/prnanmia/prnanmia_what.html. Accessed April 2009.

(February 2009) National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute: Aplastic anemia. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/aplastic/aplastic_whatis.html. Accessed April 2009.

(February 2009) National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute: Hemolytic anemia. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/ha/ha_whatis.html. Accessed April 2009.

(February 2009) National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute: Sickle Cell anemia, diagnosis. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Sca/SCA_Diagnosis.html. Accessed April 2009.

(February 2009) National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute: Iron deficiency anemia. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/ida/ida_whatis.html. Accessed April 2009.

(December 2007) National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute: Fanconi anemia. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/fanconi/fanconi_whatis.html. Accessed April 2009.

(May 2007) Genetic Home Reference: Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria. Available online at http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=paroxysmalnocturnalhemoglobinuria. Accessed April 2009.

(May 2010) National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute. Anemia. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/anemia/anemia_whatis.html. Accessed May 2013.

(Updated Feb. 8, 2012) MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Pernicious Anemia. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000569.htm. Accessed May 2013.

(March 8, 2013) Mayo Clinic. Anemia. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/anemia/DS00321. Accessed May 2013.

(March 4, 2011) Mayo Clinic. Vitamin Deficiency Anemia: Tests and Diagnosis. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/vitamin-deficiency-anemia/DS00325/DSECTION=tests-and-diagnosis. Accessed May 2013.

(March 5, 2011) Mayo Clinic. Aplastic Anemia. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/aplastic-anemia/DS00322. Accessed May 2013.

(August 2012) National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute. Aplastic anemia. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/aplastic/aplastic_whatis.html. Accessed May 2013.

(April 2011) National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute. Hemolytic anemia. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/ha/ha_whatis.html. Accessed May 2013.

(April 2011) National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute. Sickle Cell anemia, diagnosis. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Sca/SCA_Diagnosis.html. Accessed May 2013.

(April 2011) National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute. Iron deficiency anemia. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/ida/ida_whatis.html. Accessed May 2013.

(November 2011) National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute. Fanconi anemia. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/fanconi/fanconi_whatis.html. Accessed May 2013.

(May 6, 2013) Genetic Home Reference. Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria. Available online at http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=paroxysmalnocturnalhemoglobinuria. Accessed May 2013.

(September 9, 2010) National Kidney and Urologic Disease Clearing House. Anemia in Kidney Disease and Dialysis. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/anemia/. Accessed May 2013.

Killip S, Bennett J, Chambers M. Iron Deficiency Anemia. Am Fam Physician. 2007 Mar 1;75(5):671-678. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p671.html. Accessed May 2013.

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