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Angina

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On This Site
Tests: Troponin, CK, CK-MB, Myoglobin, Cardiac Biomarkers, BNP and NT-proBNP
Conditions: Heart Attack and Acute Coronary Syndrome, Heart Disease

Elsewhere On The Web
Heart Rhythm Society
American Academy of Family Physicians: Angina
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: What is Angina?
American Heart Association: Angina Pectoris
American Heart Association: Unstable Angina
American Heart Association: Variant Angina 

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

Alaeddini, J. and Shirani, J. (2015 November 23 Updated). Angina Pectoris. Medscape Drugs and Diseases. [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/150215-overview. Accessed 01/02/16.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2015 February 3 Updated). Angina. Mayo Clinic [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/angina/basics/definition/CON-20031194?p=1. Accessed 01/02/16.

(2015 July Reviewed). Angina (Chest Pain) American Heart Association [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/SymptomsDiagnosisofHeartAttack/Angina-Chest-Pain_UCM_450308_Article.jsp#.Vog0nlK9b5M. Accessed 01/02/16.

Jolicoeur, E. M. et. al. (2015). Importance of Angina in Patients With Coronary Disease, Heart Failure, and Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction. Medscape Multispecialty from J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015;66(19):2092-2100. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/854180. Accessed 01/02/16.

Haber, M. and Brunell, T. (2015 February 18 Updated). Angina Pectoris in Emergency Medicine. Medscape Drugs and Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/761889-overview. Accessed 01/02/16.

Warnica, J. (2013 May Revised). Angina Pectoris. Merck Manual Professional Version. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/cardiovascular-disorders/coronary-artery-disease/angina-pectoris. Accessed 01/02/16.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews
Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001).Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition. Mosby, Inc. Saint Louis, MO.

Fihn, S. et. al. (2001 October). Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Chronic Stable Angina: Treatment. Ann Intern Med Oct 2001; 135: 616 - 632. PDF available for download at http://www.annals.org/cgi/reprint/135/8_Part_1/616.pdf.

Arnaldo, F. (2004 April 27, Updated). Angina. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001107.htm.

Berger, A. (2004 July 20, Updated). Stable Angina. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000198.htm.

Arnaldo, F. (2004 April 27, Updated). Unstable Angina. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000201.htm.

(© 2005). Angina Pectoris Treatments. American Heart Association [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4496.

(2003 August). NHLBI: What is Angina. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Angina/Angina_WhatIs.html.

(© 1995-2005). Angina. The Merck Manual Second Home Edition, Coronary Artery Disease [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec03/ch033/ch033b.html.

(2001, November, Updated). Angina and Heart Disease. Familydoctor.org [On-line information]. Available online at http://familydoctor.org/233.xml.

Achar, S. et. al. (2005 July 1). Diagnosis of Acute Coronary Syndrome. American Family Physician [On-line Journal]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20050701/119.html.

American Heart Association: Heart Attack and Angina Statistics. Available online at http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=4591. Accessed September 5, 2008.

(2011 June 1). What Is Angina? National Heart Lung and Blood Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/angina/. Accessed January 2012.

Chen, M. (Updated 2011 May 23). Stable angina. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000198.htm. Accessed January 2012.

Alaeddini, J. and Shirani, J. (Updated 2011 August 10). Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/150215-overview. Accessed January 2012.

Chen, M. (Updated 2011 May 23). Unstable Angina. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000201.htm. Accessed January 2012.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2011 June 24). Angina. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/angina/DS00994/METHOD=print&DSECTION=all. Accessed January 2012.

Haber, M. and Brunell, T. (Updated 2010 November 3). Angina Pectoris in Emergency Medicine. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/761889-overview. Accessed January 2012.

Zieve, D. (Updated 2011 June 28). Coronary Artery Spasm. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000159.htm. Accessed January 2012.

Grenache, D. et. al. (Updated 2011 January). Ischemic Heart Disease – IHD. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/IHD.html. Accessed January 2012.

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