CHF is usually a progressive disease. Treatment is aimed at stabilizing the condition and treating the symptoms. This usually includes controlling salt intake, water retention, and eliminating smoking and alcohol. Regulating these external problems will also help control blood pressure – a primary concern in heart diseases. A doctor will treat any underlying causes of the CHF and monitor the affected person closely. It is important to monitor weight gain as this can be an indication of fluid retention. For more information on treatment measures, including medications, surgical procedures, and devices as well as prevention and prognosis, see MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Heart failure.