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Cushing Syndrome

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On This Site
Tests: Cortisol, ACTH
Conditions: Endocrine System and Syndromes, Hypertension

Elsewhere On The Web
Hormone Health Network: Cushing Syndrome Fact Sheet
NIDDK: Cushing's Syndrome
NINDS Cushing's Syndrome Information Page
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Cushing syndrome
Urology Care Foundation: What is Cushing's Syndrome?

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

2016 review performed by Mark D. Kellogg, PhD, MT(ASCP), DABCC, Assistant Professor Harvard Medical School.

(March 2013). Cushing's Syndrome. Mayo Clinic. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cushing-syndrome/basics/definition/con-20032115. Accessed 2016 Feb 10.

(April 2012). Cushing's Syndrome. National Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Information Service. Available online at http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/endocrine/cushings-syndrome/Pages/fact-sheet.aspx. Accessed 2016 Feb 10.

Juszczak A. Morris D., Grossman A, Nieman L. Endocrinology: Adult and Pediatric St. Louis: Elsiever Saunders.

Clarke W. Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry. Washington DC, AACC Press.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Brown, T. (2004 January 27). Cushing's syndrome. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000410.htm.

(2002 June). Cushing's syndrome. NIDDK, NIH Publication No. 02-3007 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.niddk.nih.gov/health/endo/pubs/cushings/cushings.htm.

Raff, H. and Findling, J. (2003). A Physiologic Approach to Diagnosis of the Cushing Syndrome. Ann Intern Med. 2003;138:980-991 [on-line journal]. PDF available for download at http://www.annals.org/cgi/reprint/138/12/980.pdf .

(© 2002). Cushing's Syndrome. Center for Pancreatic and Biliary Diseases, Univ of Southern CA, Dept of Surgery [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.surgery.usc.edu.

Mrotek, J., and Chase, C. [Henwood, M. and Annaswamy, R., Editors] (2005 January, Review). Endo 101, The Endocrine System, Hormones, and Glands. The Hormone Foundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.hormone.org/endo101/endo101_2.html.

(2004, April, Reviewed) Cushing's Syndrome. UrologyHealth.org [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.urologyhealth.org/search/index.cfm?topic=43&search=Cushing&searchtype=and.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 377-379, 380f, 363.

(2008 July). Cushing's Syndrome. National Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Information Service [On-line information]. Available online at http://endocrine.niddk.nih.gov/pubs/cushings/cushings.htm. Accessed on 1/4/09.

(2008 June 26). NINDS Cushing's Syndrome Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/cushings/cushings.htm. Accessed on 1/4/09.

Holt, E. (2008 March 18, Updated). Cushing syndrome. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000410.htm. Accessed on 1/4/09.

(2008 Jaunuary, Reviewed). Cushing's Syndrome. UrologyHealth.org [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.urologyhealth.org. Accessed on 1/4/09.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition]. Pp 471-472.

(September 2010). Cushing's Syndrome. Mayo Clinic. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/cushings-syndrome/DS00470/DSECTION=tests-and-diagnosis. Accessed on 27 Aug. 2012.

(July 2011). Adrenal Gland Disorders. American Urological Association Foundation. Available online at http://www.urologyhealth.org/urology/index.cfm?article=89. Accessed on 24 Aug. 2012.

(December 2011) Cushing Syndrome. Medline Plus. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000410.htm. Accessed on 24 Aug. 2012.

(April 2012) Cushing's Syndrome. National Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases Information Service. Available online at http://endocrine.niddk.nih.gov/pubs/cushings/cushings.aspx. Accessed on 24 Aug. 2012.

(March 2012) Glucocorticoid Syndrome and Cushing Syndrome. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/921086-overview#a0104. Accessed on 24 Aug. 2012.

Fitzgerald PA: Cushing's syndrome, in Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment 2013, 52nd ed. MA Papadakis, SJ McPhee, MW Rabow, eds. McGraw-Hill. Chapter 26. Available online at http://www.accessmedicine.com.libproxy2.upstate.edu/content.aspx?aID=15168&searchStr=cushing+syndrome. Accessed August 2012. 

Guber HA, Farag AF: Evaluation of endocrine function, in Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods, 22nd ed. RA McPherson, MR Pincus, eds., Elsivier. Chapter 24, 2011.

National Cancer Institute. Dictionary of Cancer Terms: Octreotide Scan. Available online at http://www.cancer.gov/dictionary?cdrid=390304. Accessed October 2012.

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