Currently, there is no cure for cystic fibrosis, only treatments aimed at minimizing the severity of the symptoms and improving quality of life. Treatments are tailored for the individual and goals usually involve activities to loosen and remove excess mucus from the lungs, prevent lung infections and blockages in the digestive tract, and to provide adequate nutrition with specialized diets.
Some therapies may include exercise regimens and physical therapy as well as drugs such as antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medications, and bronchodilators.
Newer therapies called CTFR modulators have been developed. They may be used to correct the function of defective CTFR proteins. These modulators are effective only for CF patients with specific CF gene mutations. For more information, see the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation's webpage on CFTR Modulator Therapies.
Some people with CF may undergo a lung transplant, which can allow them to live longer and improves their quality of life. Research is being conducted to develop a cure and to enhance treatments. Great strides have been made over the past ten years, which are allowing many people with CF to live longer with improvement in quality of life.