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Dehydration

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Tests: Electrolytes, Osmolality, BUN, Creatinine, Urinalysis, Glucose, Complete Blood Count, Stool Culture
Conditions: Diarrhea, Diabetes, Addison Disease, Kidney Disease, Malnutrition, Acidosis and Alkalosis, Food and Waterborne Illness, Malabsorption, Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Elsewhere On The Web
National Athletic Trainers' Association: Parents' and Coaches' Guide to Dehydration and Other Heat Illnesses in Children
KidsHealth from Nemours Foundation: What's the Big Sweat about Dehydration?
Safe Kids Worldwide: HYDRATION: LEARN IT. SHARE IT. GO FOR IT.
MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Dehydration
National Kidney Foundation: Six Tips to Be "Water-Wise" for Healthy Kidneys 

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

(April, 2013) World Health Organization. Diarrhoeal disease, Fact Sheet N°330. Available online at http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs330/en/. Accessed on 6/8/2016.

(February 12, 2014) Mayo Clinic Staff. Diseases and Conditions: Dehydration. Symptoms. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/dehydration/basics/symptoms/con-20030056. Accessed on 6/8/2016.

(August 29, 2015) Updated by Martin L. Dehydration. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online at https://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000982.htm. Accessed on 6/8/2016.

(December 17, 2015) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Global WASH Fast Facts; Global Water, Sanitation, & Hygiene (WASH). Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/healthywater/global/wash_statistics.html. Accessed on 6/8/2016.

(October 14, 2015) Koyfman A, Ng C, and Foran MP. Pediatric Dehydration. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/801012-overview. Accessed on 6/8/2016.

(June 18, 2015) Guelinckx I, Fremont-Marquis AS, Eon E, Kavouras SA, and Armstrong LE. Assessing Hydration in Children: From Science to Practice. Ann Nutr Metab 2015;66(suppl 3): 5- 9. Available online at http://www.karger.com/Article/Pdf/381814. Accessed 6/8/2016.

(April 30, 2015) Hooper L, et al. Clinical symptoms, signs and tests for identification of impending and current water-loss dehydration in older people. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Cochrane Library. Available online at: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD009647.pub2/full. Accessed 6/8/2016.

(October 21, 2015) Hooper L et al. Diagnostic accuracy of calculated serum osmolarity to predict dehydration in older people: adding value to pathology lab reports. BMJ Open 2015;5:e008846 doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008846. Available online at 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008846. Accessed on 6/8/2016.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Takayesu, J. (Updated 2011 November 4). Pediatric Dehydration. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/801012-overview. Accessed August 2012.

Vorvick, L. (Updated 2011 August 15). Dehydration. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000982.htm. Accessed August 2012.

Huang, L. and Anchala, K. (Updated 2012 March 12). Dehydration. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/906999-overview#showall. Accessed August 2012.

Levine, A. and Santucci, K. (Updated 2010 April 7). Pediatric Gastroenteritis. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/801948-overview. Accessed September 2012

Vorvick, L. (Updated 2012 May 17). Skin turgor. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003281.htm. Accessed September 2012.

Dowshen, S. (Reviewed 2009 May). Dehydration. TeensHealth from Nemours [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/teen/safety/sports_safety/dehydration.html. Accessed September 2012.

(Updated 2010 November 1). What is Hypotension? National Heart Lung and Blood Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hyp/. Accessed September 2012.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2011 January 7). Dehydration. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/dehydration/DS00561/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print. Accessed September 2012.

Canavan, A. and Arant, B. (2009 October 1). Diagnosis and Management of Dehydration in Children. Am Fam Physician. 2009 Oct 1;80(7):692-696. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1001/p692.html. Accessed August 2012.

Faes, M. et. al. (2007 December 26). Dehydration in Geriatrics. Medscape Today News from Geriatrics and Aging. v10 (9):590-596. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/567678. Accessed September 2012.

Cronan, K. (Reviewed 2010 November). Dehydration. KidsHealth from Nemours [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/parent/firstaid_safe/emergencies/dehydration.html. Accessed August 2012.

Lewis, J. (Revised 2008 August). Dehydration. Merck Manual Home Health Handbook [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/hormonal_and_metabolic_disorders/water_balance/dehydration.html#v770541. Accessed August 2012.

Kaneshiro, N. (Updated 2011 November 7). Babies and diarrhea. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001965.htm. Accessed September 2012.

Roberts, K. (Revised 2007 May). Dehydration in Children. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.merckmanuals.com. Accessed September 2012.

King, C. et. al. (2003 November 21). Managing Acute Gastroenteritis Among Children. Oral Rehydration, Maintenance, and Nutritional Therapy. CDC MMWR v52 (RR16);1-16 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5216a1.htm. Accessed September 2012.

Dwyer J. Chapter 73. Nutrient Requirements and Dietary Assessment. In: Longo DL, Fauci AS, Kasper DL, Hauser SL, Jameson JL, Loscalzo J, eds. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 18th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2012. Available online at http://www.accessmedicine.com/content.aspx?aID=9099636. Accessed October 2012.

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