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Epilepsy

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Elsewhere On The Web
Epilepsy Foundation
NINDS Epilepsy Information Page
American Epilepsy Society: For Patients
Nemours Foundation, TeensHealth: Epilepsy
CDC: Epilepsy
MayoClinic.com: Epilepsy

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

Sept. 4, 2015. A definition and classification of status epilepticus – Report of the ILAE Task Force on Classification of Status Epilepticus. Epilepsia. Available online at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/epi.13121/abstract. Accessed November 2016.

(July 6, 2016) Medscape. First Adult Seizure. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1186214-overview. Accessed November 2016.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Curing the Epilepsies: The Promise of Research. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/epilepsy/epilepsy_research.htm#introduction. Accessed November 2016.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. The Epilepsies and Seizures: Hope Through Research. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/epilepsy/detail_epilepsy.htm#3109_2. Accessed November 2016.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Epilepsy FAQs. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/epilepsy/basics/faq.htm#What%20causes%20epilepsy. Accessed November 2016.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Preventing Epilepsy. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/epilepsy/preventing-epilepsy.htm. Accessed November 2016.

Epilepsy Foundation. Who Gets Epilepsy? Available online at http://www.epilepsy.com/learn/epilepsy-101/who-gets-epilepsy. Accessed November 2016.

Epilepsy Foundation. Adding vs substituting AEDs. Available online at http://www.epilepsy.com/information/professionals/refractory-seizures/actions-take/aed-changes. Accessed November 2016.

(March-April 2012) An initial experience with therapeutic drug monitoring of levetiracetam as reported from a pediatric clinical setting in India. Neurology India. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22626693. Accessed November 2016.

Preventing Epilepsy Seizures. Everyday Health. Available online at http://www.everydayhealth.com/epilepsy/preventing-epilepsy-seizures.aspx. Accessed November 2016.

Mayo Clinic. Epilepsy treatment. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/epilepsy/diagnosis-treatment/treatment/txc-20117241. Accessed November 2016.

Scheffer, I. E., Berkovic, S., Capovilla, G., Connolly, M. B., French, J., Guilhoto, L., Hirsch, E., Jain, S., Mathern, G. W., Moshé, S. L., Nordli, D. R., Perucca, E., Tomson, T., Wiebe, S., Zhang, Y.-H. and Zuberi, S. M. (2017). ILAE classification of the epilepsies: Position paper of the ILAE Commission for Classification and Terminology. Epilepsia. doi:10.1111/epi.13709. Available online at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/epi.13709/full. Accessed March 2017.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

(2008 September 11, Updated). Seizures and Epilepsy: Hope Through Research. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/epilepsy/detail_epilepsy.htm. Accessed on 9/17/08.

Adamolekun, B. (2008 March, Revision). Seizure Disorders. The Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec16/ch214/ch214a.html?qt=epilepsy&alt=sh. Accessed on 9/7/08.

(2008 January). One of the Nation's Most Common Disabling Neurological Conditions. CDC at a Glance [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/publications/AAG/epilepsy.htm. Accessed on 9/14/08.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2007 April 27). Epilepsy. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/epilepsy/DS00342/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print. Accessed on 9/17/08.

Cavazos, J. and Lum, F. (2007 November 30). Seizures and Epilepsy: Overview and Classification. EMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.emedicine.com/neuro/TOPIC415.HTM. Accessed on 9/17/08.

About Epilepsy. Epilepsy Foundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org/about/ and http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org/aboutus/pressroom/pr20050720.cfm. Accessed on 9/7/08.

Epilepsy, Frequently Asked Questions. Epilepsy Foundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.epilepsyfoundation.org/answerplace/faq.cfm. Accessed on 9/17/08.

Lehman, C. and McMillin, G. (2008 March, Reviewed). Seizure Disorders – Epilepsy. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/NeurologicDz/SeizureDis.html#. Accessed on 9/19/08.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition]. Pp 657-658.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Epilepsy – Basics - FAQs. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/epilepsy/basics/faqs.htm. Accessed September 2012.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Epilepsy Information. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/epilepsy/epilepsy.htm. Accessed September 2012.

National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Seizures and Epilepsy: Hope Through Research. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/epilepsy/detail_epilepsy.htm. Accessed September 2012.

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Epilepsy. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000694.htm. Accessed September 2012.

MayoClinic.com. Epilepsy. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/epilepsy/DS00342. Accessed September 2012.

Scheffer, Ingrid E. Genetic Testing in Epilepsy: What Should You Be Doing? Epilepsy Curr. 2011 Jul-Aug; 11(4): 107–111. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3152152/. Accessed September 2012.

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