Treatment of insulin resistance primarily involves changes in diet and lifestyle. The American Diabetes Association recommends losing excess weight, getting regular amounts of moderate-intensity physical activity, and increasing dietary fiber to lower blood insulin levels and increase the body's sensitivity to it. Weight loss and regular exercise can:
- Decrease blood pressure
- Increase insulin sensitivity
- Decrease triglyceride and LDL cholesterol levels
- Raise HDL cholesterol levels
People who are identified by their health practitioners as having insulin resistance should work with their health care provider and with other medical professionals, such as a nutritionist, to develop an individualized treatment plan and to monitor its effectiveness. Drug treatments may also be necessary to control any co-existing conditions or diseases.