A person affected by malabsorption can work with their doctor, a nutritionist, or other health care professionals to address and manage their condition. Treatment of malabsorption typically includes one or more of the following:
- Addressing the underlying cause to the extent possible to minimize malabsorption symptoms and intestinal damage
- Replacing missing nutrients; this may include the use of oral pancreatic enzyme supplements and the replacement of minerals and vitamins A, D, E, and K, vitamin B12 and folate, etc.
- Making nutrient-rich foods available; for some people, a low-fat, high-protein diet may be recommended; for others, significant diet alterations, such as a gluten-free diet, may be necessary.
- Working with the doctor to develop a treatment plan that is tailored to an individual person's clinical situation
- Monitoring the person's health status over time; this often involves performing laboratory tests such as a CBC or CMP at regular intervals.