On This Site
Tests: FSH, Estrogens, Cholesterol, HDL Cholesterol, LDL Cholesterol, Triglycerides, Lipid Profile, Complete Blood Count, Glucose Tests, Free T3 and Total T3, Free T4, TSH
Conditions: Diabetes, Thyroid Disease, Heart Attack, Heart Disease
Elsewhere On The Web
Hormone Health Network: Menopause Map
The North American Menopause Society
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: The Menopause Years
National Institute on Aging: Menopause
NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.
Sources Used in Current Review
Cleveland Clinic. 2013. Menopause, Perimnopause, and Postmenopause. Available online at http://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/what-is-perimenopause-menopause-postmenopause. Accessed Dec. 20, 2016.
Mayo Clinic. 2016. Perimenopause. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/perimenopause/home/ovc-20253772. Accessed Dec. 20, 2016.
National Institute on Aging. 2016. Age Page: Menopause. Available online at https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/publication/menopause. Accessed Dec. 20, 2016.
Office on Women's Health, U.S. Deparment of Health and Human Services. 2010. Menopause. Available online at https://www.womenshealth.gov/menopause/?_ga=1.1758257.1477478714.1465910423. Accessed Dec. 20, 2016.
Sources Used in Previous Reviews
A Manual of Laboratory & Diagnostic Tests (sixth edition), Frances Fischbach, editor. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2000; Pp. 235-238, 418-420.
Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests (third edition), Norbert W. Tietz, editor. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders & Co., 1995; Pp. 216-217, 248-249.
The Hormone Foundation. Menopause: What Every Woman Should Know. Brochure, 1999.
Okie, Susan. "Hormones Don't Protect Women From Heart Disease, Study Says." The Washington Post, July 24, 2001; Pp. A1, A6.
JoAnn V. Pinkerton, M.D., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Virginia Health System, The Women's Place: Midlife Health Center.
Laurence M. Demers, PhD. Distinguished Professor of Pathology and Medicine, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, The M. S. Hershey Medical Center, Hershey, PA.
(© 2007 December). The Menopause Years. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.acog.org/publications/patient_education/bp047.cfm. Accessed August 2009.
(© 2006 October). Menopause Guidebook. The North American Menopause Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.menopause.org/edumaterials/guidebook.aspx. Accessed August 2009.
(Updated 2009 February 19). Age Page: Menopause. National Institute on Aging [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nia.nih.gov/HealthInformation/Publications/menopause.htm. Accessed August 2009.
(2008 January). Menopause, Time for a Change. National Institute on Aging [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.nia.nih.gov/NR/rdonlyres/B69585FF-51B7-4FB6-AD11-6AEC846EB0D9/0/NIA_Menopause08_vWeb2.pdf. Accessed August 2009.
Curran, D. (Updated 2008 September 30). Menopause. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/264088-overview. Accessed August 2009.
Kasper DL, Braunwald E, Fauci AS, Hauser SL, Longo DL, Jameson JL eds (2005). Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine, 16th Edition, McGraw Hill, Pp 2201, 2209-2213.
(Updated May 23, 2012) Coney P. Menopause. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/264088-overview. Accessed February 2013.
(September 29, 2010) US Department of Health and Human Services. Women's Health, Menopause. Available online at http://www.womenshealth.gov/menopause/. Accessed March 2013.
Freeman E, et. al. Anti-Mullerian Hormone as a Predictor of Time to Menopause in Late Reproductive Age Women. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism May 1, 2012 vol. 97 no. 5 1673-1680. Available online at http://jcem.endojournals.org/content/97/5/1673.long. Accessed March 2013.
Freeman E, et. al. Contribution of the rate of change of antimüllerian hormone in estimating time to menopause for late reproductive-age women. Fertil Steril. 2012 Nov; 98(5):1254-9. Epub 2012 Aug 24.
©2013 Cleveland Clinic: Menopause. Available online at http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/Menopause/hic_Menopause.aspx. Accessed March 2013.
Menopause: The Merck Manual Home Health Handbook Online. Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. ("Merck"), 2012. Available online at http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/womens_health_issues/menopause/menopause.html#v802306. Accessed March 2013.