The primary "treatment" for metabolic syndrome is "lifestyle modification" to correct obesity. Those affected should lose excess weight and exercise regularly. It is also advisable to stop smoking cigarettes.
Weight loss and exercise can:
- Decrease blood pressure levels
- Increase insulin sensitivity
- Decrease triglyceride and LDL levels
- Raise HDL levels
- Decrease risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke
Drug treatment may be necessary to address other aspects of metabolic syndrome. Hypertension should be treated. Statins may be prescribed to treat unhealthy lipid levels. Some healthcare practitioners also recommend aspirin to decrease the risk of inappropriate blood clots. Some may prescribe medications to increase insulin sensitivity (although there is not widespread agreement on this).
People with metabolic syndrome should work with their healthcare provider and other medical professionals, such as a nutritionist, to develop an individualized treatment plan and to monitor its effectiveness.