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Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Infections

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National Jewish Health: Nontuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM)
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American Lung Association: Learn about Nontuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Mycobacteria
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Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

Johnson MM, Odell JA. Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Pulmonary Infections. Journal of Thoracic Disease. 2014; 6(3):209-220.

Griffith DE, Askamit T, Brown-Elliot BA, et al. An Official ATS/IDSA Statement: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Diseases. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2007;175:367-416.

University of California San Francisco Medical Center Website. Nontuberculous Mycobacteria. Available online at http://www.ucsfhealth.org/conditions/nontuberculous_mycobacteria/. Accessed on December 14, 2015.

National Jewish Health Website. Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Overview. Available online at http://www.nationaljewish.org/healthinfo/conditions/ntm. Accessed on December 14, 2015.

van Ingen J. Diagnosis of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infections. Seminars in Respiratory Critical Care Medicine. 2013;34(1):103-109. Article available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/781499. Accessed on December 14, 2015.

Ioachimescu OC, Tomford JW. (2010 published.) Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Disorders. Available online at http://www.clevelandclinicmeded.com/medicalpubs/diseasemanagement/infectious-disease/nontuberculous-mycobacterial-disorders/. Accessed on December 15, 2015.

(March 24, 2105) National Institute on Allergies and Infectious Diseases. Mycobacteria. Available online at http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/mycobacteria/Pages/Default.aspx. Accessed February 2016.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 714-717.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Bartlett, J. (2006 September 12). Mycobacteria: September 2006. Medscape Infectious Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/544346?rss. Accessed on 5/8/07.

Primm, T. et. al. (2004). Health Impacts of Environmental Mycobacteria. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, January 2004, Pp. 98-106, Vol. 17, No. 1 [On-line journal]. Available online at http://cmr.asm.org/cgi/content/full/17/1/98. Accessed on 5/8/07.

(1999 August). Mycobacteria: Health Advisory. Environmental Protection Agency [On-line information]. PDF available for download at http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/criteria/humanhealth/microbial/mycobacteriaha.pdf. Accessed on 5/8/07.

Vugia, D. et. al. (2005 April). Mycobacteria in Nail Salon Whirlpool Footbaths, California. Emerging Infectious Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol11no04/04-0936.htm. Accessed on 5/8/07.

McMurray, D. Mycobacteria and Nocardia. Medical Microbiology, 4th Edition, Chapter 33 Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at UTMB [On-line information]. Available online at http://gsbs.utmb.edu/microbook/ch033.htm. Accessed on 5/8/07.

Smith, S. (2006 October 9, Updated). Atypical mycobacterial infection. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000640.htm. Accessed on 5/18/07.

(2007 February, Updated). The Mycobacteria. University of California, San Diego SOM 208 Microbiology Syllabus. Computer Assisted Instructional Resources For Medical Microbiology [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.ratsteachmicro.com/Mycobacteria_notes/HCOE_CAI_Review_Notes_Mycobacteria.htm. Accessed on 5/8/07.

(© 2007). About Nontuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM). National Jewish Medical and Research Center [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.njc.org/disease-info/diseases/nts-mycobac/about/index.aspx. Accessed on 5/19/07.

(© 2007). Treatments and Medications for Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria (NTM). National Jewish Medical and Research Center [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.njc.org/disease-info/diseases/nts-mycobac/treatments/index.aspx. Accessed on 5/19/07.

Bartram, J. et. al., Edited. (© 2004). Pathogenic mycobacteria in water: A guide to public health consequences, monitoring and management. World Health Organization [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/emerging/pathmycobact/en/. Accessed on 5/19/07.

Forbes, B. et. al. (© 2007). Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology, 12th Edition: Mosby Elsevier Press, St. Louis, MO. Pp 478-509.

Scheinfeld, N. (Updated 2010 August 16). Atypical Mycobacterial Diseases. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1105570-overview. Accessed December 2010.

Dieudonne, A. et. al. (Updated 2009 September 18). Atypical Mycobacterial Infection. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/972708-overview. Accessed December 2010.

Koirala, J. (Updated 2010 January 12). Mycobacterium Avium-Intracellulare. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/222664-overview. Accessed December 2010.

Nardell, E. (Revised 2009 September). Other Mycobacterial Infections Resembling Tuberculosis. Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/sec14/ch179/ch179c.html?qt=nontuberculous&alt=sh. Accessed December 2010.

Kim J, et.al. Differential Identification of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex and Nontuberculous Mycobacteria by Duplex PCR Assay Using the RNA Polymerase Gene (rpoB). J Clin Microbiol. 2004 March; 42(3): 1308–1312. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC356837/. Accessed February 2011.

Soini H, Musser J. Molecular Diagnosis of Mycobacteria. Clinical Chemistry 47: 809-814, 2001. Available online at http://www.clinchem.org/cgi/content/full/47/5/809. Accessed February 2011.

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Bronchiectasis. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000144.htm. Accessed June 2013.

NTM News. Bronchiectasis. Available online at http://ntmnews.com/index.php/about-ntm/bronchiectasis. Accessed June 2013.

Curtis H. Weiss, MD, MS; Jeffrey Glassroth, MD, MACP. Pulmonary Disease Caused by Nontuberculous Mycobacteria: Pathogenesis. Medscape Education. Available online at http://www.medscape.org/viewarticle/775750_3. Accessed June 2013.

Radiology Rounds, February 2006. A Newsletter for Referring Physicians. Massachusetts General Hospital Department of Radiology. Available online at http://www.mghradrounds.org/index.php?src=gendocs&link=2006_february. Accessed June 2013.

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