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Pituitary Disorders

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Tests: ACTH, Cortisol, FSH, Growth Hormone, hCG, Free T3 and Total T3, Free T4, TSH, ADH
Conditions: Cushing Syndrome, Endocrine System and Syndromes, Adrenal Insufficiency and Addison Disease, Thyroid Diseases

Elsewhere On The Web
Hormone Health Network: Pituitary Disorders
Pituitary Network Association
MedlinePlus: Pituitary Disorders
National Institute for Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases: Endocrine Diseases

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

American Brain Tumor Association. 2014. Craniopharyngioma. Available online at http://www.abta.org/brain-tumor-information/types-of-tumors/craniopharyngioma.html. Accessed April 2, 2017.

Cleveland Clinic Center for Continuing Education. 2012. Pituitary Disorders. Available online at http://www.clevelandclinicmeded.com/medicalpubs/diseasemanagement/endocrinology/pituitary-disorders/. Accessed April 2, 2017.

Goldberg J., and Jewell, T. 2016. Prolactin Level Test. Healthline. Available online at http://www.healthline.com/health/prolactin#overview1. Accessed March 31, 2017.

Hormone Health Network. 2012. Cushing Syndrome. Available online at http://www.hormone.org/diseases-and-conditions/adrenal/cushing-syndrome. Accessed April 2, 2017.

Hormone Health Network. 2013. Diabetes Insipidus. Available online at http://www.hormone.org/diseases-and-conditions/pituitary/diabetes-insipidus. Accessed April 2, 2017.

Hormone Health Network. 2012. Acromegaly. Available online at http://www.hormone.org/diseases-and-conditions/pituitary/acromegaly. Accessed April 2, 2017.

National Organization for Rare Disorders. 2013. Empty Sella Syndrome. Available online at https://rarediseases.org/rare-diseases/empty-sella-syndrome/. Accessed April 2, 2017.

Pituitary Network Association. 2013. Disorders. Available online at http://pituitary.org/knowledge-base/disorders. Accessed March 29, 2017.

Pituitary Network Association. 2013. Adrenal Insufficiency (Addison's Disease). Available online at http://pituitary.org/knowledge-base/disorders/adrenal-insuffieciency-addison-s-disease. Accessed April 7, 2017.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

(2003 February 1, Revised). Introduction. The Merck Manual of Medical Information – Second Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec13/ch162/ch162a.html.

(2003 February 1, Revised). Acromegaly and Gigantism. The Merck Manual of Medical Information – Second Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec13/ch162/ch162e.html.

(2003 February 1, Revised). Central Diabetes Insipidus. The Merck Manual of Medical Information – Second Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec13/ch162/ch162d.html.

Empty Sella Syndrome (2003 February 1, Revised). Empty Sella Syndrome. The Merck Manual of Medical Information – Second Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec13/ch162/ch162g.html.

Galactorrhea (2003 February 1, Revised). Galactorrhea. The Merck Manual of Medical Information – Second Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec13/ch162/ch162f.html.

(2003 February 1, Revised). Hypopituitarism. The Merck Manual of Medical Information – Second Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmhe/sec13/ch162/ch162c.html.

Leung, A. and Pacaud, D. (2004 August 1). Diagnosis and Management of Galactorrhea. American Family Physician [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/20040801/543.html.

(2005 April). Diabetes Insipidus. FamilyDoctor.org [On-line information]. Available online at http://familydoctor.org/048.xml.

Klibanski, A., Editor (2004 January, Reviewed). Pituitary Information. The Hormone Foundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.hormone.org/learn/pituitary.html.

(© 2004). The Pituitary Foundation. Fact Sheets [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.pituitary.org.uk. For: Cushing's Disease, Non-Functioning Pituitary Tumours, Acromegaly, Hyperprolactinaemia, Craniopharyngioma, Hypopituitarism, Diabetes Insipidus

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 353-356.

Klibanski, A. Editor (2008 March)Pituitary) Pituitary Gland. The Hormone Foundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.hormone.org/pituitary_gland.cfm. Accessed on 1/4/09.

Principles of Endocrinology, Introduction. The Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec12/ch150/ch150a.html. Accessed on 1/4/09.

Principles of Endocrinology, Endocrine Disorders. The Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec12/ch150/ch150b.html. Accessed on 1/4/09.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2008 June 6). Pituitary Tumors. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/pituitary-tumors/DS00533. Accessed on 1/4/09.

(2008 August, Revised). Pituitary Disorders. Pituitary Network Association [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.pituitary.org/disorders/. Accessed on 1/4/09.

(2007 September 5, Updated). NINDS Pituitary Tumors Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/pituitary_tumors/pituitary_tumors.htm. Accessed on 1/4/09.

Kattah, J. (2006 March 30). Pituitary Tumors. EMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1157189-overview. Accessed on 1/4/09.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition]. Pp. 1481-1483.

I. Jialaal, W. E. Winter, and D.W. Chan (eds). Handbook of Diagnostic Endocrinology, AACC Press, 1999.

(Reviewed April 2009). Principles of Endocrinology, Endocrine Disorders. The Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec12/ch150/ch150a.html. Accessed on October 12, 2012

Mayo Clinic Staff. (Updated August 10, 2012). Pituitary Tumors. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/pituitary-tumors/DS00533. Accessed on October 12, 2012.

(Updated October 26, 2010). NINDS Pituitary Tumors Information Page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/pituitary_tumors/pituitary_tumors.htm. Accessed on October 12, 2012.

(Updated August 15, 2011). Pituitary Tumors. EMedicine. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1157189-overview. Accessed on October 12, 2012.

Pituitary Disorders. Pituitary Network Association. Available online at https://www.pituitary.org/library/disorders.aspx?page_id=1043. Accessed on October 12, 2012.

(Updated September 27, 2012) Empty Sella Syndrome. MedlinePlus. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000349.htm. Accessed on October 24, 2012.

UCLA Neurosurgery. Available online at http://neurosurgery.ucla.edu/body.cfm?id=185. Accessed on October 24, 2012.

(Reviewed May 8, 2012). Hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. Pubmed Health. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001427/. Accessed on October 24, 2012.

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