Treatment depends on the cause of the pituitary disorder.
- When a pituitary tumor is present, surgery may be performed to remove the tumor. The pituitary gland is accessed through the nose in a procedure called transsphenoidal surgery. The procedure is delicate and requires a surgeon who is experienced in the procedure.
- Medications may be used to block hormone action, to shrink pituitary tumors to reduce compression symptoms. They may sometimes be used prior to surgery.
- Hormone replacement may be used to supplement missing or deficient hormones.
- Targeted radiation therapy may be used in conjunction with other treatments to decrease tumor size and excess hormone production.
Treatment may not completely resolve a condition or may cause additional pituitary dysfunction, either immediately or in the future (such as with surgery and radiation, respectively). Individuals should work with their healthcare practitioner and/or an endocrinologist, a doctor who specializes in treating disorders of the endocrine system, to determine the best course of treatment for them.