Proceeds from website advertising help sustain Lab Tests Online. AACC is a not-for-profit organization and does not endorse non-AACC products and services.

Prostate Cancer

Print this article
Share this page:

Related Pages

On This Site
Tests: PSA, Tumor Markers, Urinalysis, Urine Culture
Conditions: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, Urinary Tract Infection, Hematuria
Screening: Adults (30-49): Prostate cancer, Adults (50 and Up): Prostate cancer
Features: Making Informed Decisions for Better HealthAnatomic Pathology
In the News: Doctors' Group Gives Advice on Screening for Five Major Cancers (2015), Prostate Cancer Screening: Medical Groups Review, Modify Guidelines (2013)

Elsewhere On The Web
College of American Pathologists: How to Read Your Pathology Report
National Cancer Institute: What You Need to Know about Prostate Cancer
National Cancer Institute: Fact Sheet, Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test
American Cancer Society: Detailed Guide, Prostate Cancer
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Prostate Cancer
Urology Care Foundation: Prostate Cancer
National Comprehensive Cancer Network: NCCN Guidelines for Patients with Prostate Cancer
Prostate Cancer Foundation
Patient Power: Prostate Cancer

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

Brosman, S. (2015 January 13, Updated). Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing. Medscape Drugs & Diseases [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/457394-overview. Accessed 06/15/15.

(2015 January 6, Revised). Prostate Cancer Prevention and Early Detection. American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostatecancer/moreinformation/prostatecancerearlydetection/prostate-cancer-early-detection-tests. Accessed 06/15/15.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2013 May 7). Mayo Clinic. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/tests-procedures/psa-test/basics/definition/prc-20013324?p=1. Accessed 06/15/15.

Miller, S. (2013 October 2, Updated). Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003346.htm. Accessed 06/15/15.

Moyer, V. (2012 July 17). Screening for Prostate Cancer: U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. USPSTF Recommendation Statement. Annals of Internal Medicine v 157 (2) 121. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Topic/recommendation-summary/prostate-cancer-screening?ds=1&s=PSA. Accessed 06/15/15.

Genzen, J. et. al. (2015 March, Updated). Prostate Cancer - PSA. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/PSA.html?client_ID=LTD. Accessed 06/15/15.

Pagana, K. D., Pagana, T. J., and Pagana, T. N. (© 2015). Mosby's Diagnostic & Laboratory Test Reference 12th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 756-759.

(2015 March 12 Revised). What are the key statistics about prostate cancer? American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostatecancer/detailedguide/prostate-cancer-key-statistics. Accessed 9/29/15.

Carter HB et al. Early detection of prostate cancer: AUA guideline. J Urol 2013 May 6. Available online at http://www.jurology.com/article/S0022-5347%2813%2904308-5/abstract. Accessed October 2015.

Timothy J. Wilt, MD, MPH; Russell P. Harris, MD, MPH; Amir Qaseem, MD, PhD, MHA; et al. Screening for Cancer: Advice for High-Value Care From the American College of Physicians. Annals of Internal Medicine, 2015. May 19. 162(10):718-725. Available online at http://annals.org/article.aspx?articleid=2294149. Accessed October 2015.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Ballentine Carter, H., et. al. (2204 September 22). Report to the Nation on Prostate Cancer 2004, Chapter 1: Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis of Prostate Cancer CME. Medscape Today, Clinical Update [On-line CME]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewprogram/3440?src=sidesearch.

(2005 January 1, Revised). Detailed Guide: Prostate Cancer, Can Prostate Cancer Be Found Early? American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.cancer.org.

(2004 August 17, Reviewed). The Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test: Questions and Answers. National Cancer Institute, Cancer Facts [On-line information]. Available online at http://cis.nci.nih.gov/fact/5_29.htm.

(2004 May 26). Some Men with Low PSAs Have Prostate Cancer: Most Cancers Found Are Not Likely to Be Clinically Significant. NIH News [On-line Press Release]. Available online at http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/may2004/nci-26.htm.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 772-774.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (© 2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 243, 246.

Wu, A. (© 2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, 4th Edition: Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO. Pp 906-913.

(2008 November 20). What you need to know about Prostate Cancer. National Cancer Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/wyntk/prostate. Accessed March 2009.

(© 2009). Detailed Guide: Prostate Cancer. American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/CRI_2_3x.asp?rnav=cridg&dt=36. Accessed March 2009.

(2009 March 19). PSA Testing: What Should Men Do? Fallout from 2 studies, pro and con, has experts in a quandary. MedlinePlus HealthDay [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_81937.html. Accessed March 2009.

Morse Linn, M. et al (Posted 2008 January 9). Prostate-Specific Antigen Screening: Friend or Foe? Emedicine from Urol Nurs. 2007;27(6):481-489. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/568053. Accessed March 2009.

Chustecka, Z. News and Lie, D. CME (Released 2008 August 5). USPSTF Recommends Against Prostate Cancer Screening in Men 75 Years or Older. CME/CE Medscape Medical News, Online CME [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/578591. Accessed March 2009.

Michael, A. et al (Posted 2009 March 6). Prostate Cancer Chemotherapy in the Era of Targeted Therapy. Medscape from Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2009;12(1):13-16. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/589071. Accessed March 2009.

Melanie Ketchandji, M. et al (Posted 2009 February 5). Cause of Death in Older Men After the Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer. Medscape from J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009;57(1):24-30. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/586741. Accessed March 2009.

(Reviewed 2009 March 18). Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test. NCI Fact Sheet [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Detection/PSA. Accessed March 2009.

Liou, L. (Updated 2011 September 19). Prostate Cancer. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000380.htm. Accessed May 2012.

(Revised 2012 March 9). Prostate Cancer Overview. American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/ProstateCancer/OverviewGuide/prostate-cancer-overview-key-statistics. Accessed May 2012.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2012 February 11). Prostate cancer. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/prostate-cancer/DS00043/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print. Accessed May 2012.

Krupski, T. and Theodorescu, D. (Updated 2012 April 23). Prostate Cancer. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1967731-overview. Accessed May 2012.

(Updated 2012 March 28). Medical Tests for Prostate Problems. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/medtestprostate/. Accessed May 2012.

« Prev