Prostate Cancer

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On This Site
Tests: PSA, Urinalysis, Urine Culture
Conditions: Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, Urinary Tract Infection
Screening: Adults (30-49): Prostate cancer, Adults (50 and Up): Prostate cancer
In the News: Prostate Cancer Screening: Medical Groups Review, Modify Guidelines (2013), FDA Approves PCA3 Gene Test to Aid Decisions about Repeat Prostate Biopsies (2012), Federal Task Force Advises Against Use of PSA Test for Screening (2011), PSA Velocity (PSAV) Leads to More Biopsies, Without Improving Prostate Cancer Detection, Study Finds (2011)

Elsewhere On The Web
National Cancer Institute: What You Need to Know about Prostate Cancer
National Cancer Institute: Fact Sheet, Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test
American Cancer Society: Detailed Guide, Prostate Cancer
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Prostate Cancer
American Urology Association, Urologyhealth.org: Prostate Cancer
National Comprehensive Cancer Network: NCCN Guidelines for Patients with Prostate Cancer
Prostate Cancer Foundation
College of American Pathologists: MyHealthTestReminder.com - Prostate Cancer
American Cancer Society: Prostate Cancer
Prostate Cancer Screening with Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing: More Answers or More Confusion? (Clinical Chemistry, March 2010)

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used.

Sources Used in Current Review

Liou, L. (Updated 2011 September 19). Prostate Cancer. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000380.htm. Accessed May 2012.

(Revised 2012 March 9). Prostate Cancer Overview. American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/Cancer/ProstateCancer/OverviewGuide/prostate-cancer-overview-key-statistics through http://www.cancer.org. Accessed May 2012.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2012 February 11). Prostate cancer. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/prostate-cancer/DS00043/DSECTION=all&METHOD=print through http://www.mayoclinic.com. Accessed May 2012.

Krupski, T. and Theodorescu, D. (Updated 2012 April 23). Prostate Cancer. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1967731-overview through http://emedicine.medscape.com. Accessed May 2012.

(Updated 2012 March 28). Medical Tests for Prostate Problems. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse (NKUDIC) [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/medtestprostate/ through http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov. Accessed May 2012.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

Ballentine Carter, H., et. al. (2204 September 22). Report to the Nation on Prostate Cancer 2004, Chapter 1: Detection, Diagnosis, and Prognosis of Prostate Cancer CME. Medscape Today, Clinical Update [On-line CME]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewprogram/3440?src=sidesearch through http://www.medscape.com.

(2005 January 1, Revised). Detailed Guide: Prostate Cancer, Can Prostate Cancer Be Found Early? American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.cancer.org.

(2004 August 17, Reviewed). The Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test: Questions and Answers. National Cancer Institute, Cancer Facts [On-line information]. Available online at http://cis.nci.nih.gov/fact/5_29.htm through http://cis.nci.nih.gov.

(2004 May 26). Some Men with Low PSAs Have Prostate Cancer: Most Cancers Found Are Not Likely to Be Clinically Significant. NIH News [On-line Press Release]. Available online at http://www.nih.gov/news/pr/may2004/nci-26.htm through http://www.nih.gov.

Pagana, K. D. & Pagana, T. J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 772-774.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (© 2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry: AACC Press, Washington, DC. Pp 243, 246.

Wu, A. (© 2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, 4th Edition: Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO. Pp 906-913.

(2008 November 20). What you need to know about Prostate Cancer. National Cancer Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/wyntk/prostate through http://www.cancer.gov. Accessed March 2009.

(© 2009). Detailed Guide: Prostate Cancer. American Cancer Society [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/docroot/CRI/CRI_2_3x.asp?rnav=cridg&dt=36 through http://www.cancer.org. Accessed March 2009.

(2009 March 19). PSA Testing: What Should Men Do? Fallout from 2 studies, pro and con, has experts in a quandary. MedlinePlus HealthDay [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_81937.html through http://www.nlm.nih.gov. Accessed March 2009.

Morse Linn, M. et al (Posted 2008 January 9). Prostate-Specific Antigen Screening: Friend or Foe? Emedicine from Urol Nurs. 2007;27(6):481-489. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/568053 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed March 2009.

Chustecka, Z. News and Lie, D. CME (Released 2008 August 5). USPSTF Recommends Against Prostate Cancer Screening in Men 75 Years or Older. CME/CE Medscape Medical News, Online CME [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/578591 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed March 2009.

Michael, A. et al (Posted 2009 March 6). Prostate Cancer Chemotherapy in the Era of Targeted Therapy. Medscape from Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis. 2009;12(1):13-16. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/589071 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed March 2009.

Melanie Ketchandji, M. et al (Posted 2009 February 5). Cause of Death in Older Men After the Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer. Medscape from J Am Geriatr Soc. 2009;57(1):24-30. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/586741 through http://www.medscape.com. Accessed March 2009.

(Reviewed 2009 March 18). Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Test. NCI Fact Sheet [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Detection/PSA through http://www.cancer.gov. Accessed March 2009.

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