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Sepsis

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In the News: FDA Clears Procalcitonin Test for New Use to Help Guide Antibiotic Treatment (2017), CDC: Knowing About Sepsis Can Save a Life (2016)

Elsewhere On The Web
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Sepsis 
Sepsis Alliance
MedlinePlus: Sepsis 
National Institute of General Medical Science: Sepsis Fact Sheet 

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

(Reviewed August 23, 2016) U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sepsis Basic Information and Patient Resources. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/sepsis/basic/. Accessed March 2017.

Surviving Sepsis Campaign: International Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock: 2016. Critical Care Medicine March 2017, Volume 45, Issue 3, Pp. 486–552. Available online at http://journals.lww.com/ccmjournal/Fulltext/2017/03000/Surviving_Sepsis_Campaign___International.15.aspx. Accessed March 2017.

(Updated March 18, 2016) Cunha B. Bacterial Sepsis. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/234587-overview. Accessed March 2017.

(Updated: May 17, 2016) Kalil A. Septic Shock. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/168402-overview. Accessed March 2017.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Cunha, B. (Updated 2010 July 15). Sepsis, Bacterial. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/234587-overview. Accessed September 2010.

(Updated 2010 April 6). Sepsis Fact Sheet. National Institute of General Medical Sciences [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nigms.nih.gov/Publications/factsheet_sepsis.htm. Accessed September 2010.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2009 July 24). Sepsis. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/sepsis/DS01004/METHOD=print&DSECTION=all. Accessed September 2010.

Al-Khafaji, A. et. al. (Updated 2010 January 29). Multisystem Organ Failure of Sepsis. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/169640-overview. Accessed September 2010.

Bang, E. and Doty, C. (2009 February 3). Sepsis Treatment in the Emergency Department: An Evidence-Based Review. Medscape CME From Medscape Emergency Medicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://cme.medscape.com/viewarticle/587247. Accessed September 2010.

Santhanam, S. and Tolan, R. (Updated 2010 September 9). Sepsis. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/972559-overview. Accessed September 2010.

Vorvick, L. (Updated 2008 September 28). MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000666.htm. Accessed September 2010.

Sepsis and Septic Shock. The Merck Manual of Medical Information – Second Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/mmhe/print/sec17/ch191/ch191c.html. Accessed September 2010.

Brauser, D. (2010 January 25). Surviving Sepsis Campaign Linked to Decreased Hospital Mortality. Medscape Medical News [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/715749. Accessed September 2010.

Reed, K. et. al. (Update 2010 March 8) Intra-abdominal Sepsis. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/180234-overview. Accessed September 2010.

Filbin, M. (Updated 2010 August 12). Shock, Septic. eMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/786058-overview. Accessed September 2010.

Lehman, C. (Updated 2009 August). Sepsis in Newborns - Neonatal Sepsis. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/NeonatalSepsis.html. Accessed September 2010.

Hirsch, L. (Reviewed 2008 July). Sepsis. KidsHealth from Nemours [On-line information]. Available online at http://kidshealth.org/parent/pregnancy_newborn/medical_problems/sepsis.html. Accessed September 2010.

Rauch, D. (Updated 2009 June 1). Neonatal Sepsis. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007303.htm. Accessed September 2010.

(April 29, 2010) Jin M, Khan A. Procalcitonin: Uses in the Clinical Laboratory for the Diagnosis of Sepsis. Laboratory Medicine. 2010;41(3):173-177. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/720621. Accessed October 2010.

Dellinger RP, Levy MM, Carlet JM, et. al. Surviving Sepsis Campaign: International guidelines for management of severe sepsis and septic shock: 2008 [published correction appears in Crit Care Med 2008; 36:1394-1396]. Crit Care Med 2008; 36:296-327. PDF available for download at http://www.survivingsepsis.com/system/files/images/SCC_reprint.pdf. Accessed December 2010.

Anderson-Berry, A. Neonatal Sepsis. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/978352-overview. Accessed May 20, 2013.

Cunha, B. Bacterial Sepsis. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/234587-overview. Accessed May 20, 2013.

Kalil, A. Septic Shock. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/168402-overview. Accessed May 21, 2014.

MedlinePlus. Sepsis. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/sepsis.html. Accessed May 21, 2014.

Mayo Clinic. Sepsis. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/sepsis/basics/definition/CON-20031900. Accessed May 22, 2014.

Surviving Sepsis Guidelines 2013 – Review & Update. Available online at http://pulmccm.org/main/2013/review-articles/surviving-sepsis-guidelines-2013-review-update/. Accessed May 20, 2014.

Fischbach, F.T. (2004). A Manual of Laboratory & Diagnostic Tests. 7th Edition., Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia.

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