There is no cure for Sjögren syndrome. Treatment can vary depending on the severity of symptoms. It is usually aimed at relieving symptoms and preventing or minimizing complications and damage to tissues, such as the surface of the eye.
- Dry eyes can be treated with over-the-counter or prescription artificial tears, tear stimulants, and/or thicker eye lubricants. Sometimes plugs may be inserted into the drainage ducts in the eyes to help tears remain on the surface of the eyes.
- Dry mouth may be helped by frequent small drinks of water or sugarless chewing gum to stimulate saliva production, and mouth lubricants can be used as necessary. In some cases, medications that increase saliva production may be prescribed.
- Regular dental care and checkups are important as those affected are prone to cavities.
- Joint pain and other arthritis symptoms are treated with anti-inflammatory medicines, such as aspirin and other NSAIDs.
- In some severe cases when internal organs of the body are affected, drugs that dampen the immune system (immunosuppressants) and steroids may be prescribed.
Sjögren syndrome usually affects people differently so it is important to discuss options with a health practitioner to decide on the best treatment plan. (For more on treatment, see the Related Pages section.)