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Thalassemia

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Elsewhere On The Web
Cooley's Anemia Foundation
Northern California Comprehensive Thalassemia Center
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute: What Are Thalassemias?
March of Dimes: Thalassemia
Thalassemia International Federation

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

Gersten, T. (Updated 2014 February 24). MedlinePlus. Thalassemia. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000587.htm. Accessed November 2015.

(Reviewed 2015 July). HBB Gene. Genetics Home Reference. Available online at http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/gene/HBB. Accessed November 2015.

(Reviewed 2015 Oct 30). Thalassemia. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available online at http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/thalassemia/index.html. Accessed November 2015.

Cheerva, A. et al. (Updated 2015 July 15). Alpha Thalassemia. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/955496-overview. Accessed November 2015.

(Reviewed 2009 August). Alpha Thalassemia. Genetics Home Reference. Available online at http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/alpha-thalassemia. Accessed November 2015.

Advani, P. et al. (Updated 2014 April 25). Beta Thalassemia. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/206490-overview. Accessed November 2015.

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2015 Nov 7). Thalassemia. Mayo Clinic. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thalassemia/basics/causes/con-20030316. Accessed November 2015.

Origa R. et al. (Updated 2015 May 14). Beta-Thalassemia. NCBI GeneReviews. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK1426/#b-thal.Differential_Diagnosis. Accessed November 2015.

(Updated 2015 August). Thalassemias. ARUP Consult. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/Thalassemias.html?client_ID=LTD. Accessed November 2015.

Lichtin, A. E. Hemoglobin E Disease. The Merck Manual. Reviewed 2013 October. Available online at http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/hematology_and_oncology/anemias_caused_by_hemolysis/hemoglobin_e_disease.html. Accessed November 2015.

(Reviewed 2015 Sept 14). Sickle Cell Disease. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Available online at www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/sicklecell/facts.html. Accessed November 2015.

About Thalassemia. Cooley's Anemia Foundation. Available online at http://www.thalassemia.org/learn-about-thalassemia/about-thalassemia/. Accessed November 2015.

(2012 July 3). National Heart, Blood, and Lung Institute. How are thalassemias diagnosed? Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/thalassemia/diagnosis. Accessed December 2015.

(2010 January 21). Cao, A. and R. Galanello. Beta-thalassemia. Nature.com: Genetics in Medicine. Available online at http://www.nature.com/gim/journal/v12/n2/full/gim201012a.html. Accessed December 2015.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (2001). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 5th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO.

What is Thalassemia? Cooley's Anemia Foundation, Inc, About Thalassemia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.thalassemia.org/sections.php?sec=1.

(2003 May 15 Updated). Beta thalassemia. Genetics Home Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition=betathalassemia.

Cao, A. and Galanello, R. (2003 April 4). Beta-Thalassemia. GeneTest Review [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.geneclinics.org.

Abramson, S. and Abramson, N. (1999 February 15). "Common" Uncommon Anemias. American Family Physician [On-line journal]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/990215ap/851.html.

Bojanowski, J. Thalassemia. Hendrick Health Organization [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.ehendrick.org/healthy/.

Thalassemia. March of Dimes, Quick Reference and Fact Sheets [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.marchofdimes.com/professionals/681_1229.asp.

Cohen, E. (2003 May 1, Updated). MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia: Thalassemia [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000587.htm.

Learning About Thalassemia. National Human Genome Research Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.genome.gov/page.cfm?pageID=10001221.

Alpha Thalassemia. Northern California Comprehensive Thalassemia Center [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.thalassemia.com/alpha_thal.html.

Beta Thalassemia. Northern California Comprehensive Thalassemia Center [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.thalassemia.com/beta_thal.html.

Thalassemia Trait. Northern California Comprehensive Thalassemia Center [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.thalassemia.com/thal_trait.html.

Thalassemias. The Merck Manual – 2nd Home Edition [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.merck.com/pubs/mmanual_home2/sec14/ch172/ch172i.htm.

Clarke, W. and Dufour, D. R., Editors (2006). Contemporary Practice in Clinical Chemistry, AACC Press, Washington, DC. Harris, N. and Winter, W. Chapter 18, Hemoglobinopathies: Biochemical Disorders of Hemoglobin pp 213-226.

(2005 November). Thalassemia. March of Dimes [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.marchofdimes.com/pnhec/4439_1229.asp. Accessed on 8/18/07.

(2006 May). What is Thalassemia. NHLBI [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Thalassemia/Thalassemia_WhatIs.html. Accessed on 8/18/07.

Cao, A. and Galanello, R. (2005 June 19, Updated). Beta-Thalassemia. GeneReviews [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.genetests.org/query?dz=b-thal. Accessed on 8/18/07.

Cao, A. and Galanello, R. (2005 November 1). Alpha-Thalassemia. GeneReviews [On-line information]. Available online through http://www.genetests.org. Accessed on 8/18/07.

(Revised 2010 August). What Are Thalassemias? National Heart Lung and Blood Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/Thalassemia/Thalassemia_WhatIs.html. Accessed May 2011.

Yaish, H. (Updated 2010 April 30). Pediatric Thalassemia. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/958850-overview. Accessed May 2011.

(Updated 2010 June 28). Learning About Thalassemia. National Human Genome Research Institute [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.genome.gov/page.cfm?pageID=10001221. Accessed May 2011.

Agarwal, A. et. al. (Updated 2010 June). Thalassemias. ARUP Consult [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.arupconsult.com/Topics/Thalassemias.html?client_ID=LTD. Accessed May 2011.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2011 February 4). Thalassemia. MayoClinic.com [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/print/thalassemia/DS00905/METHOD=print&DSECTION=all. Accessed May 2011.

(© 2011). What is Thalassemia? Cooley's Anemia Foundation [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.cooleysanemia.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=19&Itemid=27. Accessed May 2011.

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