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Thyroid Cancer

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Tests: Thyroid Antibodies, Thyroglobulin, Calcitonin, Tumor Markers, CEA, Free T4, Free T3, TSH, Genetic Tests for Targeted Cancer Therapy
Conditions: Endocrine System and Syndromes, Thyroid Diseases

Elsewhere On The Web

Mayo Clinic: Thyroid cancer
American Society of Clinical Oncologists: Thyroid Cancer
MedlinePlus: Thyroid Cancer
American Cancer Society: What is thyroid cancer?

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Pallante, P. et al. (2014) Deregulation of microRNA expression in thyroid neoplasias. Nature Reviews Endocrinology. Available online at http://www.nature.com/nrendo/journal/v10/n2/full/nrendo.2013.223.html. Accessed 4/18/2016.

Keutgen, X., Fillicori, F., & Fahey, T. (2013). Molecular Diagnosis for Indeterminate Thyroid Nodules on Fine Needle Aspiration. Medscape. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/809127. Accessed 4/11/2016.

Mir, F. (Updated, 2014 December 18). Medullary Thyroid Cancer and RET. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1744824-overview#a2. Accessed 4/11/2016.

(Updated, 2014 April 14). Thyroid cancer. Mayo Clinic. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/thyroid-cancer/basics/tests-diagnosis/con-20043551. Accessed 4/11/2016.

Sharma, P.K. (Updated, 2015 February 18). Thyroid Cancer. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/851968-overview. Accessed 4/11/2016.

(Revised 2015 March 3). Targeted therapy for thyroid cancer. American Cancer Society. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/cancer/thyroidcancer/detailedguide/thyroid-cancer-treating-targeted-therapy. Accessed 4/11/2016.

(Revised, 2015 March 17). How is thyroid cancer diagnosed? American Cancer Society. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/cancer/thyroidcancer/detailedguide/thyroid-cancer-diagnosis. Accessed 4/11/2016.

(Revised 2015 March 17). Can thyroid cancer be found early? American Cancer Society. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/cancer/thyroidcancer/detailedguide/thyroid-cancer-detection. Accessed 4/11/2016.

(Revised 2015 March 17). Signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer. American Cancer Society. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/cancer/thyroidcancer/detailedguide/thyroid-cancer-signs-symptoms. Accessed 4/11/2016.

(Revised, 2015 March 17). What is thyroid cancer? American Cancer Society. Available online at http://www.cancer.org/cancer/thyroidcancer/detailedguide/thyroid-cancer-what-is-thyroid-cancer. Accessed 4/11/2016.

(Approved, 2015 May). Thyroid cancer: Diagnosis. American Society of Clinical Oncology. Available online at http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/thyroid-cancer/diagnosis. Accessed 4/11/2016.

(Approved, 2015 May). Thyroid Cancer: Overview. American Society of Clinical Oncology. Available online at http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/thyroid-cancer/overview. Accessed 4/11/2016.

(Approved, 2015, May). Thyroid cancer: Risk factors. American Society of Clinical Oncology. Available online at http://www.cancer.net/cancer-types/thyroid-cancer/risk-factors. Accessed 4/11/2016.

(Updated, 2015 June 17). Thyroid cancer treatment – patient version. National Cancer Institute. Available online at http://www.cancer.gov/types/thyroid/patient/thyroid-treatment-pdq#section/_27. Accessed 4/11/2016.

Anderson, K.M (Updated, 2015 July 28). Thyroid cancer guidelines. Medscape. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/2500021-overview#a3. Accessed 4/11/2016.

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Chadwick, B.E., and Geiersbach, K. (Updated 2016 April). Thyroid cancer. ARUP Consult. Available online at https://www.arupconsult.com/content/thyroid-cancer/?tab=tab_item-1. Accessed 4/11/2016.

Thyroid cancer. American Thyroid Association. Available online at http://www.thyroid.org/thyroid-cancer/. Accessed 4/11/2016.

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2015 American Thyroid Association Management Guidelines for Adult Patients with Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer: The American Thyroid Association Guidelines Task Force on Thyroid Nodules and Differentiated Thyroid Cancer. Thyroid. 2016 Jan;26(1):1-133. Available at http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/10.1089/thy.2015.0020. Accessed May 2016.

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