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Wound and Skin Infections

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On This Site
Tests: Bacterial Wound Culture, Gram Stain, Susceptibility Testing, Blood Culture, MRSA Screening, AFB Testing, Fungal Tests
Conditions: Staph Infections and Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Anthrax

Elsewhere On The Web
CDC: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
MedlinePlus: Wounds and Injuries
MedlinePlus: Skin Infections
KidsHealth.org: Skin Infections & Rashes 
Cleveland Clinic: Nutrition Guidelines to Improve Wound Healing
American Diabetes Association: Skin Complications
Wound Healing Foundation 

Article Sources

NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

Sources Used in Current Review

Singhal, H. and Kaur, K. (2015 December 17 Updated). Wound Infection. Medscape Drugs and Diseases. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/188988-overview. Accessed on 11/12/16.

Mayo Clinic Staff. (2014 June 11). Staph Infections. Mayo Clinic. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/staph-infections/basics/definition/con-20031418 Accessed on 11/12/16.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2015 February 11). Cellulitis. Mayo Clinic. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/cellulitis/basics/definition/CON-20023471?p=1. Accessed on 11/12/16.

Couturier, M. and Fisher, M. (2016 September Updated). Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections - Complicated Skin Infections. ARUP Consult. Available online at https://arupconsult.com/content/necrotizing-soft-tissue-infections. Accessed on 11/12/16.

Fonseca, J. and Hospenthal, D. (2016 May 25 Updated). Burn Wound Infections. Medscape Drugs and Diseases. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/213595-overview Accessed on 11/12/16.

Kunin, J. (2014 September 1 Updated). Surgical wound infection – treatment. MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Available online at https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007645.htm. Accessed on 11/12/16.

Lewis, L. (2016 May 4 Updated). Impetigo. Medscape Drugs and Diseases. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/965254-overview. Accessed on 11/12/16.

Stevens, D et al. (2014 June 18). Practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of skin and soft tissue infections: 2014 update by the infectious diseases society of America. Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Jul 15;59(2):147-59. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu296. Epub 2014 Available online at http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/59/2/e10.long. Accessed on 11/12/16.

(October 26, 2015) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Tularemia. Available online at https://www.cdc.gov/tularemia/. Accessed February 2017.

(January 18, 2017) Qureshi S. Clostridial Gas Gangrene. Medscape Reference. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/214992-overview. Accessed February 2017.

Sources Used in Previous Reviews

Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, Timothy J. (© 2007). Mosby's Diagnostic and Laboratory Test Reference 8th Edition: Mosby, Inc., Saint Louis, MO. Pp 1011-1012.

Forbes, B. et. al. (© 2007). Bailey & Scott's Diagnostic Microbiology, Twelfth Edition: Mosby Elsevier Press, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 891 – 903.

Wu, A. (2006). Tietz Clinical Guide to Laboratory Tests, Fourth Edition. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, Missouri. Pp 1611-1612.

Thomas, Clayton L., Editor (1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition].

Singhal, H. et. al. (2006 March 9). Wound Infection. EMedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic2422.htm. Accessed on 5/10/08.

Church, D. et. al.(2006 April). Burn Wound Infections. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2006 April; 19(2) [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1471990. Accessed on 5/10/08.

Murray, C. and Hospenthal, D. (2008 April 16, Updated). Burn Wound Infections. Emedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.emedicine.com/med/topic258.htm. Accessed on 5/10/08.

Bamberg, R. et. al. (2003 January 27). Diagnosis of Wound Infections: Current Culturing Practices of US Wound Care Professionals. Medscape from Wounds 14(9):314-327 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/447565. Accessed on 5/11/08.

(2007 October). Animal Bites. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons [On-line information]. Available online at http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00002. Accessed on 5/11/08.

O’Dell, M. (1998 May 15). Skin and Wound Infections: An Overview. AFP [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.aafp.org/afp/980515ap/odell.html. Accessed on 5/10/08.

Klevens, R. M., et. al. (2007 October 17). Invasive Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Infections in the United States [pages 1763-1771]. JAMA, V 298(15).

Davis, K. et. al. (2005 August).Multidrug-Resistant Acinetobacter Extremity Infections in Soldiers. CDC, Emerging Infectious Diseases V11 (8) [On-line journal]. PDF available for download at http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/vol11no08/pdfs/05-0103.pdf. Accessed on 5/18/08.

Romo III, T. et. al. (2008 February 18, Updated). Wound Healing, Skin. emedicine [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.emedicine.com/ent/topic13.htm. Accessed on 5/18/08.

(2008 May 13, Updated). Fact Sheet: Trauma, Shock, Burn, and Injury: Facts, Figures, and Resources. National Institute of General Medical Sciences [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.nigms.nih.gov/Publications/trauma_burn_facts.htm. Accessed on 5/18/08.

(April 3, 2008) Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Group A Streptococcal Disease. Available online at https://www.cdc.gov/groupastrep/index.html.

Guo, S. and DiPietro, L. (2010 March). Factors Affecting Wound Healing. J Dent Res. v 89 (3): 219–229. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2903966/. Accessed April 2012.

Mayo Clinic Staff (2011 March 19). Bedsores (pressure sores) Mayo Clinic [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/bedsores/DS00570. Accessed April 2012.

Singhal, H. et. al. (Updated 2012 January 6). Wound Infection. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/188988-overview. Accessed April 2012.

De la Torre, J. and Chambers, J. (Updated 2011 December 5). Chronic Wounds. Medscape Reference [On-line information]. Available online at http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1298452-overview#a1. Accessed April 2012.

DiPietro, L. and Guo, S. (2010 March). Factors Affecting Wound Healing. J Dent Res. 2010 March; 89(3): 219–229 [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2903966/. Accessed April 2012.

Widgerow, A. (2012 April 5). Deconstructing the Stalled Wound. Medscape Today News from Wounds. 2012;24(3) [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/760336. Accessed April 2012.

(© 2012) Diabetic Wound Care. American Podiatric Medical Association, Inc. [On-line information]. Available online at http://www.apma.org/MainMenu/Foot-Health/Brochures/Diabetic-Wound-Care.aspx. Accessed April 2012.

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