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Coping with Test Pain, Discomfort, and Anxiety

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NOTE: This article is based on research that utilizes the sources cited here as well as the collective experience of the Lab Tests Online Editorial Review Board. This article is periodically reviewed by the Editorial Board and may be updated as a result of the review. Any new sources cited will be added to the list and distinguished from the original sources used. To access online sources, copy and paste the URL into your browser.

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Interviews (professional titles and positions are listed as they were at the time of the interviews)

Rebecca Elon, MD, MPH, Medical Director of North Arundel Senior Care, Severna Park, Maryland.

Joy Goldberger, MS, CCLS, Education Coordinator, Child Life Department, Johns Hopkins Children’s Center, Baltimore, Maryland.

Saralynn Pruett, MT (ASCP), Phlebotomy Supervisor, Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota.

Karen Szafran, CPNP, nurse practitioner, pediatric practice, Alexandria, Virginia.

Myra Daly, PT (ASCP), Phlebotomy Supervisor, Northwest Community Healthcare, Arlington Heights, Illinois.

Joan Kosiek, MT(ASCP)SH, point-of-care consultant, Northwest Community Healthcare, Arlington Heights, Illinois.

Richard Flaherty, Executive Vice-President, American Association for Clinical Chemistry, Washington, District of Columbia.

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